文法の説明

N4 レッスン 5: 14/20

(なん) + (Counter) + か

Some, Several, A few

使い方・接続

(なん) + Counter +
いく + Counter +
いくつ

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「なん + counter + か」の情報

The expression なん + counter + in Japanese is a way of highlighting an uncertain number of something, and comes across similarly to 'some', 'several', or 'a few' in English. Literally, the meaning is much closer to 'what + counter + I wonder?', as it shows the speaker's uncertainty about the number.
  • そこ(なん)(かい)()たことがある(おも)
    I think I have been there several times.
  • ごめん、(かみ)(なん)(まい)ちょうだい。
    Sorry, may I have some paper?
In addition to なん; いく, from the kanji (いく) (how many/much) may be used as part of this construction. While both are fairly common, (いく) is more common as part of set expressions, like (いく) (how much) and (いく) (how many/old), while なん is more common for counting specific things, like people.
  • この(くるま)いくらです
    How much is this car?
  • マリちゃん(いく)になっ
    How old did Mari-chan turn?
Both (なん) and (いく) are regularly seen in plain hiragana and their kanji forms, so it is worth remembering both.
Caution
Despite having the same kanji as (なに), なん will almost always be used to count things, while なに will be used to identify things.
  • いらない(ほん)何冊(なんさつ)(いもうと)あげた。
    I gave several books that I didn't need to my sister.
  • (まえ)何者(なにもの)
    Who are you! (What kind of person are you)

例文

  • 選手(せんしゅ)何人(なんにん)負傷(ふしょう)した

    Some athletes were wounded.

    いく人か is also acceptable.

  • 何冊(なんさつ)(ほん)(やま)のように(ゆか)()まれていた

    Some books were piled on the floor like a mountain.

  • 何本(なんぼん)高級(こうきゅう)()(みき)製材所(せいざいしょ)(とど)

    I sent some high grade tree trunks to the sawmill.

  • (かれ)何匹(なんびき)(ねこ)()でるように(めい)られた

    He was ordered to pet several cats.

  • (かれ)写真(しゃしん)何枚(なんまい)()れてよかった

    I am glad that I was able to take a few photos of them.

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「なん + counter + か」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計7件)

  • CrisH

    CrisH

    約2年前

    I’d like to know as well - it doesn’t allow いく in
    なんさつかほんやまのようにゆかまれていた。
    but I can’t tell why not.

  • Manab

    Manab

    約2年前

    I’m a little confused. I have found some sites saying thay these counter expressions can’t follow が because they don’t work like nouns.

    For example:

    このアニメの何話かを見たと思う

    Shouldn’t it be このアニメを何話か見たと思う or このアニメの何話か見たと思う without を at all?

  • Daru

    Daru

    約1年前

    Hey guys!

    @CrisH
    I’m guessing you’re trying to answer いくさつか?It’s because of nuance.

    なん is almost always used to count, whereas いく is more often used in set expressions. It’s not wrong in the sense that its ungrammatical, it’s just so uncommon you’d probably make heads turn.

    You’re much better off just using the set expressions (いくら、いくつ…) when it contextually makes the most sense to.

    @Manab

    Could you link me to the site? I w...

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