文法の説明

N4 レッスン 5: 13/20

(Amount) + は

At least, Sort of, Or so

は is pronounced "わ"

使い方・接続

Number/Amount + Counter + (くらい(1)) +
Noun + くらい(1) +

(1) ぐらい

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「Number/Amount + は」の情報

The particle has two primary functions. The first is to mark the topic of a sentence, as learned very early in our Japanese language journey. However, the second common usage of is to highlight contrast (making a comparison). When is used after a number/counter, it regularly has this comparison meaning. This can be translated as 'or so', or 'at least'.
  • ディズニーランド(ねん)5(かい)()ている
    I go to Disneyland at least 5 times a year.
  • (わたし)毎日(まいにち)、テレビ5時間(じかん)()ている
    Every day, I watch TV for 5 hours or so.
Before , the counter is regularly followed by くらい (or ぐらい). This just softens the statement, and further highlights the 'or so' meaning.
  • 2キロくらいある(おも)
    I think it is at least 2 kilograms.
  • 倉敷(くらしき)1(かい)ぐらい()(ほう)がいい
    You should go to Kurashiki at least once.
Despite being translated as 'at least', the comparative meaning of itself is what creates the nuance of this grammar structure. The thing before is being highlighted as an amount, while also implying that there are other amounts. This implication of another amount makes sound as if it could mean 'as opposed to (B)'. So in essence, this grammar structure sounds like 'As for (A), as opposed to (B)', where (B) is not usually mentioned.

例文

--:--

  • この()(もの)(すく)なくとも(ゆか)3(びょう)()ちていたから()べられない

    This food was on the floor for at least 3 seconds, so I can't eat it.

    • ()()っているんだから()ぐらいつないだでしょう

      Since you are going out, you were at least holding hands, right?

      • 彼氏(かれし)(にち)(かい)電話(でんわ)かける

        My boyfriend calls at least 8 times a day.

        • 心配(しんぱい)母親(ははおや):「(にく)ぐらい(すこ)()べて。」

          Worried mother: 'Please eat some meat at least!'

          • スティーブン・ホーキング一回(いっかい)()いたかったのに

            (But) I wanted to meet Stephen Hawking at least once

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            「Number/Amount + は」に関する文法ディスカッション

            最近の返信 (合計6件)

            • Fuga

              Fuga

              Hey @Superpnut !

              くらい can be used, or it can be omitted. Adding くらい/ぐらい adds stronger emphasis to the ‘or so’ meaning.

              2キロはあると思う。‘I think this is at least 2 kilograms.’ (this must weigh at least 2 kilograms)
              2キロくらいはあると思う。‘I think this is at least 2 kilograms or so.’ (this must weigh 2 kilograms or so)

              In the first sentence, the speaker is a little more certain that the thing is close to 2 kilograms, but in the sentence the speaker is less confident and thinks that the thing is at least close to 2 kilograms. As you can see, the meaning of the sentence does not change too much, but there is a slight change in the nuance.

              I hope that this helps!

            • dementati

              dementati

              In the second case, with the non-counter noun:

              the くらい is not in brackets. Does that mean that if the preceding noun is not a number/counter, it’s required? How does that affect the meaning? The description of the grammar point doesn’t seem to discuss the case of a non-counter/number at all, but I have gotten some review sentences wrong because I omitted the くらい, so unless that was incorrect it does seem to be important.

            • okayfrog

              okayfrog

              I keep getting this mixed up with the lesson for も.

              When it comes to this number counter, when would I use は vs. when would I use も?

              EDIT: This is the other grammar point I am talking about.

            「Number/Amount + は」について質問がありますか? 話し合ったり、質問をしてみんなで学びましょう!

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