文法の説明

N5 レッスン 9: 3/13

ませんか

Won't you, Would you not, Why don't we

使い方・接続

Verb[ない] +

詳細

  • 品詞

    Expression

  • 品詞

    Sentence Ending Particle

  • 使用域

    Polite

  • 品詞

    表現

  • 単語の種類

    終助詞

  • 使用域

    敬語

「ませんか」の情報

ませんか (or ないか more casually) is an expression that is used after verbs as an invitation. It basically translates to 'won't you do (A) with me?'.

This expression is a little bit different to ましょうか, in that it sounds directly like an invitation to do (A). ましょうか tends to sound more like a suggestion that (A) should be done.

It is recommended to use the ませんか version, as ないか would be a bit too casual to use with someone that you are not very close with (and is also technically not correct Japanese).

To make it clearer that the speaker wants to do (A) 'with' someone, expressions like 一緒(いっしょ) 'together' are often added, for clarification.

To examine the difference between ましょうか and ませんか, let's have a look at how the nuance changes in the same type of sentence.

Here, ませんか will come across as an invitation due to the fact that you are asking the person if they 'wouldn't mind doing (A)' with you. This is the main reason that it is considered a more polite option when inviting someone to do something, than ましょうか.

例文

--:--

    寿司(すし)()べに()きませんか

    Won't you go eat sushi (with me)?

    サッカーしませんか

    Won't you play soccer (with me)?

    一緒(いっしょ)文法(ぶんぽう)勉強(べんきょう)しませんか

    Won't you study grammar with me?

    風呂(ふろ)一緒(いっしょ)(はい)りませんか

    Won't you take a bath with me?

    金曜日(きんようび)()(もの)()きませんか

    Won't you go shopping (with me) on Friday?

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「ませんか」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計7件)

  • Pushindawood

    Pushindawood

    @deltacat3 Hey! This just has to do with the note found on the grammar point’s Meaning page: “[Often used with 一緒に to clarify that the speaker wants to do something together].” Cheers!

  • MikkaT

    MikkaT

    I just wanted to say, that I believe there is a typo in the description.

    image776×490 48.5 KB
  • Fuga

    Fuga

    Hey there! This seemed like a typo on our end so we have just fixed it!

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