文法の説明

N3 レッスン 10: 1/20

がたい

Hard to, Difficult to

使い方・接続

Verb[ます+ がたい

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「がたい」の情報

Coming from the same kanji as (むずか)しい 'difficult', (がた)い is a suffix that also means 'difficult'. However, in the case of がたい, it will be attached to the conjunctive form of verbs, and conveys that '(A) is difficult to do'. がたい is almost always written without kanji in this meaning.
  • あいつ()(こと)(しん)がたい(いま)(しん)じるしかない
    It is hard to believe what he says, but we have no choice but to trust him.
  • ()がたかったから()わなかったけど、シャツ反対(はんたい)よ。
    I didn't say this because it's hard to say, but your shirt is inside out.
Compared to にくい, which can simply imply that something is 'uncomfortable' to do, がたい refers almost exclusively to 困難(こんなん)であること 'things that involve a high degree of difficulty, distress, or infeasibility'. Due to this, がたい will come across as far stronger than にくい, and may imply that a certain task is almost impossible.
  • (かれ)(こえ)()こえにくい
    His voice is a bit tricky to hear. (It is kind of hard to hear his voice, based on my ability/feeling)
  • この(はなし)(しん)がたい()かる(しん)じてくれ!
    I understand that this story is impossible to believe, but please believe me! (Believing something like this is not easy)
Summed up, these nuances basically translate as the following:
にくい - Something is difficult based on someone's opinion, experience, or general feeling.
がたい - Something is difficult based on the task itself having a high level of difficulty.

例文

--:--

    (みんな)から近寄(ちかよ)りがたいってよく()われます。

    I am often told that I am hard to approach.

    あの(ひと)()っていることは(しん)じがたいですね。

    It's hard to believe what that person is saying.

    (みんな)はその映画(えいが)面白(おもしろ)いって()っているけど、(ぼく)はその映画(えいが)成功(せいこう)するとは()いがたい

    Everyone is saying that that movie is interesting, but I find it hard to say that it will succeed. (Casual)

    (わす)れがたい出来事(できごと)遭遇(そうぐう)した。

    I encountered an event that is nearly impossible to forget.

    その(ひと)(しん)じがたいほど勇敢(ゆうかん)だった。

    That person was brave to the point that was nearly impossible to believe.

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「がたい」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計7件)

  • Johnathan-Weir

    Johnathan-Weir

    These videos might be worth adding:

  • ggw1776

    ggw1776

    I usually only do my drills with the english translations, which makes this sentence in particular pretty frustrating

  • Gabrielkarrer

    Gabrielkarrer

    can bunpro add the 辛い as a separate grammar point. In my practical case, i didnt use and know about it at all and accidentally come on it on a (all n4 grammar youtube video) to polish my grammar skill. If you know the nuance, its pretty useful.

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