文法の説明

N4 レッスン 2: 14/17

(ごと)

Each, Every

使い方・接続

Verb + ごとに
Noun + ごとに

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「ごとに」の情報

ごとに is an combination of the noun ごと, and the particle . Together, they are used adverbially to express that something happens 'every (A)', or 'at intervals of (A)'. ごとに may be used after any verb (usually in non-past form), or noun.
  • 失敗(しっぱい)をする経験(けいけん)無駄(むだ)ではありません。失敗(しっぱい)をするごとに上達(じょうたつ)します。
    Failing is not a pointless experience. Every time you fail, you improve.
  • (わたし)3時間(じかん)ごとに菓子(かし)()ます
    I eat snacks every 3 hours.
Although ごとに may be used after verbs, the most common use is with nouns, or phrases that finish with nouns.
Caution
ごと is the 訓読(くんよ)み (Japanese reading) of the kanji (まい), which means 'every'. This fact will be important when trying to remember the difference between ごとに and おきに, a similar grammar point which can also mean 'every', but focuses more on 'interval' or 'gap' of a specific time or distance. Due to おきに focusing on the space between 'each (A)', there are sentences where おきに and ごとに will have different meanings.
  • (わたし)一週間(いっしゅうかん)ごとに実家(じっか)(かえ)ます
    I go to my parents' home every week. (Every single one)
  • (わたし)一週間(いっしゅうかん)おきに実家(じっか)(かえ)ます
    I go to my parents' home every other week. (With 'spaces' or 'gaps' of 1 week)
Here, we can see that ごとに will mean 'every week', while おきに will mean 'every second week', due to there being a 'one week interval' when おきに is used. To make things easier, these two expressions can be remembered in the following way.
(A) ごとに = During every (A), (B).
(A) おきに = After every space of (A), (B).
Fun Fact
Many native speakers make mistakes with the difference between おきに and ごとに, so there are quite a large number of people (especially in the younger generation) that will consider them completely interchangeable.

例文

--:--

    彼女(かのじょ)運転中(うんてんちゅう)赤信号(あかしんごう)(ごと)携帯(けいたい)()

    She looks at her phone at every red light while driving.

    あのチームは、試合(しあい)をする(ごと)(つよ)くなっている。

    That team is getting stronger with every match.

    (なつ)(ごと)アメリカに(かえ)ます

    Every summer I go back to America.

    生徒(せいと)(ごと)(かみ)(わた)した

    I gave a paper to every student. (Each)

    二日(ふつか)(ごと)友達(ともだち)サッカーする

    I play soccer with my friend every two days. (at two day intervals)

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「ごとに」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計10件)

  • gutocbs

    gutocbs

    Hi guys!

    In this sentence, what is the interval?
    生徒毎に紙を渡した。

    I though this grammar would work only with intervals, like time for example, but I can’t see why it is used here.

  • Fuga

    Fuga

    Hey @gutocbs !

    Sorry for the late reply!

    ごとに could also be used to express that something happens ‘every (A)’ and not only as ‘at intervals of (A)’. When it is used like it is in the example you provided, it has the nuance of ‘each’. This means that this sentence has the nuance of ‘to each student, I gave a paper’.

  • gutocbs

    gutocbs

    I see! Thank you!

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