文法の説明

N2 レッスン 7: 18/21

とか

I heard that… something like, They said ... or something

使い方・接続


Verb +
[い]Adjective +
[な]Adjective +
Noun +

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「とか」の情報

Being a combination of the particles と and か, とか 'quotes' the previous statement as being something that has been heard, but is unconfirmed or uncertain. In English, this translates as 'I heard something like (A)', or '(A) or something was said'.
とか may appear after verbs, い-Adjectives, な-Adjectives, or nouns.
  • 遠藤(えんどう)さんと近藤(こんどう)さんが結婚(けっこん)するとか意外(いがい)じゃない?
    I heard that Endo-san and Kondo-san are getting married or something. Isn't that surprising?
  • あの大手(おおて)家電(かでん)メーカーが開発(かいはつ)した最新(さいしん)のスマホはたくさんのブロートウェアがインストールされているせいで動作(どうさ)がものすごく(おも)とか
    I heard that the latest smartphone developed by that major appliance manufacturer performs extremely slow because of all the bloatware that comes installed, or something like that.
  • 高橋(たかはし)くんの彼女(かのじょ)美人(びじん)とか。あんなやつに美人(びじん)彼女(かのじょ)ができたとは(しん)じられないけどな。
    I heard that Takahashi's girlfriend is beautiful or something. I can't believe that a guy like that could have a beautiful girlfriend, though.
  • あの(ひと)(じつ)はお金持(かねも)ちだとか
    I heard that person is actually rich or something.
This meaning of 'or something' when using とか is fairly casual and will often be heard in everyday conversation.
Caution - This combination of と and か may appear the same as the とか used to indicate lists, but the former is simply a combination of the case-marking particle と, and the adverbial particle か, while the latter is a single listing particle. Despite this, both structures are originally combinations of と and か, and may be thought to have some overlap in meaning.

例文

--:--

  • めがねちゃん:「(かれ)昨日(きのう)(なん)()ったか(おぼ)えてる?」
    ヤンキー君:「明日(あした)、11()ごろに学校(がっこう)(まえ)()おうとか()っていたようだけど、(さだ)かではない。」

    Megane-chan: 'Do you remember what he said yesterday?'
    Yankee-kun: 'He said, 'lets meet in front of school around 11' or something like that, but I am not really sure.'

    • 社長(しゃちょう)年末(ねんまつ)年始(ねんし)温泉(おんせん)旅行(りょこう)()ってらっしゃるとか

      I heard that the company president is going on a hot springs trip over New Years or something like that.

      • AKB48という音楽(おんがく)グループは解散(かいさん)するとか

        I heard that the music group called AKB48 is going to break up or something like that.

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        「とか」に関する文法ディスカッション

        最近の返信 (合計2件)

        • daniellacda

          daniellacda

          Hello!
          According to Shin Kanzen master n3 dokkai, ~とか is used only with unconfirmed hearsay.
          The first example sentence in Bunpro is:

          めがねちゃん:「彼かれが昨日きのう、何なんて言いったか覚おぼえてる?」
          ヤンキー君:「明日あした、11時じごろに学校がっこうの前まえで会あおうとか言いっていたようだけど、定さだかではない。」

          And it doesn’t fit with the Kanzen master explanation, it’s not really hearsay, but rather what the guy remembers from what he was told.
          Can somebody elaborate a bit on this?Thank you! <3

        • Fuga

          Fuga

          Hey @daniellacda !

          We apologize for the late response.
          とか is not only used for unconfirmed hearsay. It can also be used like そうだ or と聞いた. It can also be used when you don’t want to say something with certainty, so that you are not held accountable for what you said. Because it is used like that a lot of the times, it could give the listener the impression that the speaker is not the most credible and that they should take what you are saying with a grain of salt.

          We hope that answers your question!

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