文法の説明

N5 レッスン 8: 10/13

(なか)で~が一番(いちばん)

Out of ~, ~ is the best/most ~

使い方・接続

(Set of Elements) + (なか)一番(いちばん)
その(1) + (なか)一番(いちばん)

(1) この

詳細

  • 品詞

    Expression

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 品詞

    表現

  • 単語の種類

    形容詞・形容動詞

  • 使用域

    一般

「のなかで~がいちばん~」の情報

In Japanese '(A) (なか) (B) 一番(いちばん) (C)', is a regular expression that is used for showing that something is 'the most (C)', usually an adjective. This structure can be used with almost any adjective, whether it is positive or negative. Each part of this grammar point represents the following:

(A) - A group.

(B) - A single thing/person within that group.

(C) - An adjective, or general description of that thing/person.

This expression is also frequently used with demonstratives such as この and その.

The construction '(A) の(なか)' is regularly translated by itself as 'among (A)', and may be used in many different expressions. This will be covered in a separate grammar point.

例文

--:--

    この(なか)一番(いちばん)() ()(もの)(なに)

    Among these, what is your number one favorite food?

    中華(ちゅうか)料理(りょうり)(なか)(なに)一番(いちばん)()です

    Out of all Chinese dishes, what is your number one favorite dish?

    ()(もの)(なか)一番(いちばん)()のは(なん)です

    Out of all drinks, what is your number one favorite drink?

    (ちゃ)(なか)一番(いちばん)美味(おい)のは(なん)です

    Out of all teas, what is the number one most delicious tea?

    (くに)(なか)一番(いちばん)人口(じんこう)(おお)のはどれです

    Out of all countries, which country has the number one largest population?

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  • オンライン


  • オフライン

    • Genki I 2nd Edition

      Page 232

    • みんなの日本語 I

      Page 80 [CH 12]

    • [DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar

      Page 148

    • Genki I

      Page 194

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「のなかで~がいちばん~」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計14件)

  • doublesbrian

    doublesbrian

    I just got to this grammar point. In the information it says

    In Japanese ‘(A) の中で (B) が一番 (C)’, is a regular expression that is used for showing that something is ‘the most (C)’, usually an adjective.

    And that’s the layout I’ve been seeing, but the first sentence I got in the quiz is a bit different.

    動物どうぶつなか一番いちばんきな動物どうぶつなんですか。
    Out of all animals, what is your number one favorite animal?

    It threw me for a loop because it doesn’t have the (B) が portion of the structure I’m used to and I didn’t realize you can put のなかで and いちばん together like that.

    In my mind the sentence would be closer to 動物の中で何が一番好きですか

    Can someone explain the nuances of the sentence structure Bunpro used? Because I don’t really understand it.

    Thanks!

  • Daru

    Daru

    Hey @doublesbrian!

    It’s basically because 一番 is working as an adverb that modifies the following adjective here.

    高い Expensive → 一番高い The most expensive
    大きい Big → 一番大きい The biggest
    好き Likeable → 一番好き The most likeable (or, your favorite!)

    [動物の中で] Out of all the animals
    [一番好きな動物] The most likeable animal
    [は] Speaking of this (the most likeable animal out of all the animals)
    [何ですか?] Which one is it?

  • doublesbrian

    doublesbrian

    Thanks for the reply! I knew the way the site was using it was probably more natural but didn’t understand it until you broke it down for me! I appreciate it!

「のなかで~がいちばん~」について質問がありますか? 話し合ったり、質問をしてみんなで学びましょう!

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