文法の説明

N5 レッスン 10: 3/12

~て (Adjectives and Nouns)

And... (Conjunctive)

使い方・接続

[い]Adjective[ + +
おもしろ + +
(あたら) + +

[な]Adjective +
しずか +
()き +

Noun +
先生(せんせい) +
仕事(しごと)+

Exceptions:
いいよく

詳細

  • 品詞

    Adjective + Conjunctions

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 品詞

    形容詞・名詞

  • 単語の種類

    助詞・助動詞

  • 使用域

    一般

「Adjective + て・Noun + で」の情報

The form of an い-Adjective, or form of a noun (or な-Adjective) is exactly the same as the form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of 'and', and is used for linking. It will allow us to list multiple qualities/traits of something.
For い-Adjectives, we will need to change the last い to く (the form used for conjugation), and then simply add .
For nouns and な-Adjectives, we will need to add to the base form (not or ).
  • このパソコン(あたら)しく(はや)
    This computer is new and fast.
  • あの自転車(じてんしゃ)便利(べんり)(かる)
    That bicycle is useful and light.
  • 音楽(おんがく)(つく)のは仕事(しごと)趣味(しゅみ)
    Making music is both work, and my hobby.
It should be noted that and are different structures here. is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives are similar to verbs), while is actually a form of that is used for conjugation. It is the same as the one that is used in the formal version of , である. Which we will learn later.
Caution
Like other forms (ている 1, ている 2, and ている 3), the (or ) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.
Linking - Like 'and' in English.
Reasons - Like 'with (A)', or 'because of (A)' in English.
Manner - Like 'to do (B) in an (A) way' in English.
  • あの(ひと)綺麗(きれい)(やさ)
    That person is beautiful and nice.
  • 大雨(おおあめ)バス()まりました
    The bus stopped with rain. (With rain as the reason)
  • (わたし)(はん)(いそ)()
    I eat food in a hurry.
Caution
As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.

例文

  • (あたら)しい(あたら)

    New → New and...

  • (おお)きい(おお)

    Big → Big and...

  • (きら)(きら)

    Dislike → Dislike and...

    Some な-Adjectives end in い, but 嫌い and 幸い are the most misleading since they are not completely written in kanji like 綺麗 or 安静.

  • (しず)(しず)

    Quiet → Quiet and...

  • 病気(びょうき)病気(びょうき)

    Disease → Disease and...

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「Adjective + て・Noun + で」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計9件)

  • Superpnut

    Superpnut

    約2年前

    Ya now even a dummy like me can understand it! Thanks for listening

  • mrnoone

    mrnoone

    約2年前


    We always listen to the feedback!

  • chroipahtz

    chroipahtz

    約2年前

    Why do we learn this point so much later than other points that use more specific examples of [adjective]くて? Doing my reviews for those earlier points has been so confusing because I can never remember why I’m adding these く (except for くない which I internalized quickly). I’m wondering if I missed something.

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