Grammar Info
N1 Lesson 8: 8/19

さぞ
you must be very, how … you must be, I dare to say, I am sure/certain that you must be very

sometimes used with ことと思う、ことと存じる、に間違いない

Structure
Casual
Formal
さぞ + (かし)+ Phrase + (こと)+ だろう
さぞ + (かし)+ Phrase + (こと)+ でしょう(1)

(1)でございましょう
Details
Register Formal
使用域 硬い
Information
  • さぞ is an old-fashioned expression meaning “no doubt”, “indeed”, or “very”, and is used together with (こと)だろう and similar phrases to state conjecture about another person state of mind, usually to express sympathy and compassion. Rarely used in daily life, more of a written expression that is used in letters and so on.
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「夜勤(やきん)の仕事(しごと)さぞ大変(たいへん)だろう。」
How tough the night shift work must be!
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「智子(さとこ)は昇進(しょうしん)が見送(みおく)られてさぞ、がっかりしたに違(ちが)いない。」
Not getting the promotion, she must be very disappointed. | How disappointed she must be after not getting the promotion!
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初(はじ)めて赤(あか)ちゃんのお誕生(たんじょう)にさぞ嬉(うれ)しいことでしょう。」
You must be very happy to have your first child. | How happy you must be to have your first child!
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Books
A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar
Page 678