Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 7: 10/18

to do (honorific)

Remember not to use honorific language when speaking about yourself and your actions!

+ Verb[ます+ になる
(1) + [する]Verb + になる
いく・くる・いる → おいでになる

limited to [する]Verbs like: 電話する、勉強する、散歩する
+ Verb[ます+ になります
(1) + [する]Verb + になります
いきます・きます・います → おいでになります

limited to [する]Verbs like: 電話する、勉強する、散歩する
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使用域 敬語
お~になる (or ご~になる) is a 尊敬語(そんけいご) (honorific speech) expression which is used to pay respect to the actions of the person that is being spoken to/another person (never the speaker). In this expression, になる is used in exactly the same way that する would be, except that it will be attached to the ます stem of the verb that it is referring to.
  • 客様(きゃくさま)見(み)えになるのは3時(じ)頃(ごろ)です
    The time that the customers will come will be around 3 o’clock.
  • 皆様(みなさま)、立ちになてください
    We request that everyone stand up.
  • この資料(しりょう)参考(さんこう)にな幸(さいわ)いです
    It would bring me great happiness if this document could be a useful reference for you.
  • 部長(ぶちょう)どういう番組(ばんぐみ)覧(らん)になのです
    Boss, what kind of TV shows do you watch?
The primary difference between お and ご, is that お will be used with words/readings of Japanese origin (kun-yomi), and ご will be used with words/readings of Chinese origin (on-yomi). In fact, お and ご are both represented by the same kanji. For this kanji, 御(お) is one of the kun-yomi, and 御(ご) is one of the on-yomi.
Fun Fact
Some verbs, like いでる, are used almost exclusively with 尊敬語(そんけいご). おいでになる (the お~になる form of いでる) is an example of this, and can mean ‘to come’, ‘to go’, or ‘to be’. This is due to the perspective of the speaker when using 尊敬語(そんけいご), and something that we will discuss in more detail later.
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Genki II 1st Edition
Page 138
みんなの日本語 II
Page 150 [CH 49]
Genki II 2nd Edition
Page 169
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 36, 343 & 358
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 229