Grammar Info

関西弁 Lesson 1: 8/21

じゃない ⇒ ちゃう

To be not, Am not, Are not, Is not

関西弁

Structure

[な]Adjective + ちゃう(1)
Noun + ちゃう(1)

(1)やない、とちゃう

Details

    About じゃない ⇒ ちゃう

    The negative form of the auxiliary verb だ in Japanese frequently appears as じゃない (an abbreviation of ではない). In 関西弁(かんさいべん) じゃない is often replaced by ちゃう. ちゃう itself is actually just an abbreviation of (ちが)う, a common うverb meaning 'to differ'.
    ちゃう may be used directly after either nouns, or な-Adjectives, to convey 'is not (A)'.
    • (いま)エミ彼氏(かれし)ちゃう
      Isn't that Emi's boyfriend?
    • このドレス綺麗(きれい)ちゃう昨日(きのう)()ったの。
      Don't you think this dress is cute? I bought it yesterday.
    ちゃう may also appear in the past negative form. However, as it is a set expression (and not considered an actual conjugation of (ちが)う), it will not be conjugated like a regular う - Verb, but will become ちゃうかった.
    • タロウ(とう)さん関西人(かんさいじん)ちゃうかった
      Taro, wasn't your father from the Kansai region?
    • 先生(せんせい)だまされた。テスト(すこ)簡単(かんたん)ちゃうかった
      The teacher tricked us. The test is not easy at all.
    Fun Fact
    じゃない may also be replaced with やない. やない being the 関西弁(かんさいべん) equivalent of だ, with the い-Adjective ない attached to it. Like ちゃう, やない is used after nouns, or な-Adjectives.
    • あれ、ミオちゃんやない
      Hey, isn't that Mio chan?
    • ()()これ50%オフやった、お(とく)やない
      Look look, this was 50% off, don't you think that's a good deal?
    When conjugating in the past negative form, やない follows the regular conjugation rules of ない, becoming やなかった.
    • あの(ひと)さんまさんやなかった。ただおっちゃんやった
      That person wasn't Sanma-san. It was just a middle aged guy.
    • 便利(べんり)そうだったから()ったのに全然(ぜんぜん)便利(べんり)やなかった
      I bought this because it looked useful, but it was not useful at all.

    Examples

    --:--

      (わたし)(いぬ)()じゃない
      (わたし)(いぬ)()ちゃう

      I do not like dogs.

      (わたし)寿司(すし)()じゃないので、()べない。
      (わたし)寿司(すし)()ちゃうので、()べへん。

      I do not like sushi, so I don't eat it.

      りんごじゃない
      りんごちゃう

      It is not an apple.

      (むずか)しくなるんじゃない
      (むずか)しくなるんちゃう

      It will probably get hard, won't it?

      その帽子(ぼうし)(むすめ)帽子(ぼうし)じゃない
      その帽子(ぼうし)(むすめ)帽子(ぼうし)ちゃう

      That hat is not my daughter's hat.

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