Grammar Info

関西弁 Lesson 1: 16/21

ないで・な ⇒ なさんな

(Please) do not, Do not, Don't (prohibitive)

関西弁

Structure

Verb[ます]+ なさんな

Details

    About ないで・な ⇒ なさんな

    As a midway point between ないで 'please don't', and な 'don't!', 関西弁(かんさいべん) uses a unique structure, なさんな. なさんな is a combination of the honorific language word なさる, and the sentence ending particle な.
    なさる is a polite (slightly outdated) version of する, used to refer to the actions of others (never oneself). なさる conjugates with the conjunctive form of verbs, meaning that なさんな will also conjugate in the same way.
    • (のこ)てもいいから無理(むり)して()べなさんな
      It's okay if you don't eat everything, don't force yourself to eat it.
    • (かれ)反省(はんせい)しとるみたいだしそんなに(おこ)りなさんな
      It seems like he regrets what he did, so don't yell at him.
    • そんな遠慮(えんりょ)しなさんな
      Please don't hesitate.
    • 弁当(べんとう)こちら用意(ようい)するので弁当(べんとう)()ってこなさんな
      We will provide you with lunch, so please don't bring your own.
    Fun Fact
    There are many cases in Japanese where the terminal る (of verbs) will be omitted, due to the shortening of sounds within speech. While this is technically slang, it is a common feature worth memorizing. When る is omitted, it will almost always be replaced by the ん sound, as seen with なさんな. A few more examples are as follows:
    するな - Will become すんな, 'don't do!'
    (おど)るな - Will become (おど)んな, 'don't dance!'
    (はし)る - Will become (はし)んな, 'don't run!'

    Examples

    --:--

      寿司(すし)()べに()ないで
      寿司(すし)()べにいきなさんな

      (Please) don't go eat sushi.

      (だれ)にも()ないで
      (だれ)にもいいなさんな

      (Please) don't tell anyone.

      (なに)もしないで
      (なに)しなさんな

      (Please) don't do anything.

      値段(ねだん)(たか)くしないで
      値段(ねだん)(たか)しなさんな

      (Please) don't increase the price.

      毎日(まいにち)テレビを()ないで
      毎日(まいにち)テレビをみなさんな

      (Please) don't watch TV everyday.

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