Grammar Info

関西弁 Lesson 1: 15/21

辞書形(じしょけい) + な ⇒ ます(けい) + な

Do not, Don't (prohibitive)

関西弁

Structure

Verb[ます]+

Details

    About 辞書形 + な ⇒ ます形 + な

    In 関西弁(かんさいべん), the way that the sentence ending particle な interacts with verbs is slightly different than in standard Japanese. Usually, な will appear after the dictionary form of verbs, to command/order that someone 'not do (A)'. However, in the Kansai region, な will be attached to the conjunctive form of verbs. The conjunctive form is also known as the ます form.
    The meaning of な after these verbs will remain the same as in standard Japanese, commanding that something not be done.
    • 勝手(かって)黒板(こくばん)()とか()くな。 (Standard)
      Don't draw things like a picture on the blackboard without permission.
    • 勝手(かって)黒板(こくばん)()とか()。 (Kansai)
      Don't draw things like a picture on the blackboard without permission.
    • 二十歳(はたち)になるまで(さけ)()。 (Standard)
      Don't drink alcohol until you are 20.
    • 二十歳(はたち)になるまで(さけ)()。 (Kansai)
      Don't drink alcohol until you are 20.

    Examples

    --:--

      ここに()むなよ。
      ここにすみなや。

      Don't live here! (You better not live here)

      自転車(じてんしゃ)()くな
      自転車(じてんしゃ)いきな

      Don't go by bicycle!

      ()くな
      なきな

      Don't cry!

      この(いけ)(およ)ぐな
      この(いけ)およぎな

      Don't swim in this lake!

      「トイレに()ってもいいですか」と()くな
      「トイレに()ってもいいですか」とききな

      Don't ask, 'Is it okay if I go to the bathroom?'!

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