Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 9: 15/20


In the name of, Using the excuse of, To use as a pretext of, Under the guise or pretense of


Noun + にかこつけて
Verb + (1) + かこつけて

(1) こと


  • Register


  • 使用域


About にかこつけて

(かこつ)けて is a structure based on the case-marking particle に, and the る-Verb (かこつ)ける ‘to consign as’, or ‘to label as’. As this translation doesn’t exhibit the same nuance well in English all the time, it is commonly interpreted as ‘in the name of (A)’, or ‘under the pretense of (A)’.
(かこつ)けて will be used after nouns, or verbs that have been nominalized with の.
  • 病院(びょういん)()くというの(かこつ)けて仕事(しごと)(やす)んだ。
    I took a day off work under the pretense of going to the hospital.
  • (かれ)(いえ)(わす)(もの)をしたというの(かこつ)けて(かれ)のところにもう一度(いちど)()く。
    I will go to his place again under the pretense that I left something at his place.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)はいつも(なに)にかこつけて(ぼく)(いえ)()ようとする。本当(ほんとう)にやめてほしい。
    She always tries to come to my place under the pretense of something. I really want her to stop.
  • 風邪(かぜ)にかこつけて授業(じゅぎょう)(やす)んで一日中(いちにちじゅう)テレビを()ながらダラダラしていた。
    Using the pretext of a cold, I skipped class and loafed around and watched TV all day.
Despite the common interpretations, the original meaning of ‘to consign’ works just as well in terms of meaning ‘labeling it as (A)’. This is due to (かこつ)けて being used primarily for criticism of surface-level excuses used to fulfill an ulterior motive.
  • (くつ)ひもを(むすぶ)ぶの(かこつ)けて()ちていた財布(さいふ)をこっそりと(ひろ)った。
    I sneakily picked up the wallet that was on the ground, labeling it as tying my shoelace.
  • あいつは出張(しゅっちょう)(かこつ)けて、また()りに()っているに(ちが)いない。
    I bet he has gone fishing again, consigning it as a business trip.



  • 花子(はなこ)ったら()活動(かつどう)にかこつけて部室(ぶしつ)(もぐ)()んでひとり(あそ)んでばかりいる。」

    'Speaking of Hanako, she sneaks into the club room under the pretense of club activity and just lazes around.'

    • (ひと)(わたし)(ふく)めて)は菓子(かし)大好(だいす)(なに)にかこつけていつも()ってしまうのではないだろうか。

      I think that people (myself included) love sweets and will always buy them under some pretext.

      • 武田(たけだ)田中(たなか)さんったら出張(しゅっちょう)にかこつけてパリを観光(かんこう)するつもりね。」

        Takeda: 'Tanaka-san, you're planning to go sightseeing in Paris using the pretense of a business trip, aren't you?'
        Tanaka: 'No no, nothing like that.'

        • A:「あすかさん()いたいけどどうしたらいい?」

          A: 'I want to meet with Asuka, but what should I do?'
          B: 'How about going to her house under the pretext of intending to give her printouts?'

          • 風邪(かぜ)にかこつけて仕事(しごと)(やす)んで(いち)日中(にちじゅう)コーラを()んだりゲームをしてしまった。

            Using the pretext of a cold, he took some time off work, drank coke, and played games all day long.

            • Get more example sentences!

              Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

            Self-Study Sentences

            Study your own way!

            Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

            • Online

            • Offline

              • Try N1

                Page 92

              • Shin Kanzen Master N1 Bunpou

                Page 94

            • Track Resources!

              Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

            にかこつけて – Grammar Discussion

              There's currently no discussion for にかこつけて
              Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!