Grammar Info
N1 Lesson 9: 14/20

を禁(きん)じ得(え)ない
Cannot help feeling, Cannot but, Cannot hold back

Structure
Casual
Formal
Noun + を禁じ得ない
Verb + + を禁じ得ない
Noun + を禁じ得ません
Verb + + を禁じ得ません
Details
Register Formal
使用域 硬い
Information
  • (A) を禁じ得ない is a formal phrase used when the speaker/writer cannot suppress the rise of certain emotions (sadness, happiness, etc.) or the result of those emotions (like laughter or crying).
  • It is generally used with a limited number of expressions like: 涙、笑い、同情(の念)、驚き(の念)、怒り、苦しみ、失望、喜び、感動. This expression is uncommon in daily conversation.
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この生徒(せいと)たちは流暢(りゅうちょう)な日本語(にほんご)ニュースについて議論(ぎろん)していたが、彼(かれ)らは2年(ねん)前(まえ)から日本語(にほんご)勉強(べんきょう)し始(はじ)めたと聞(き)いて、驚(おどろ)きを禁(きん)じ得(え)なかった
I could not help being surprised, hearing that these students who were discussing the news in fluent Japanese, had started studying it two years ago.
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この不況(ふきょう)の中(なか)、政治家(せいじか)が自分(じぶん)の給与(きゅうよ)を上(あ)げるとの報道(ほうどう)を耳(みみ)にし、怒(いか)りを禁(きん)じ得(え)ません
I cannot help but feel anger upon hearing the news that the politicians raised their salaries during this time of recession.
notice that を禁じ得ない is often a reaction to hearing or seeing something
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《伝記(でんき)》戦争(せんそう)がこの地方(ちほう)にもたらした破壊(はかい)を見(み)て、涙(なみだ)を禁(きん)じ得(え)なかった
Biography: I could not hold back tears after seeing the destruction that the war brought upon this area.
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Try N1
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Shin Kanzen Master N1 Bunpou
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Sou Matome Bunpou N1
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A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar
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