N5 Lesson 4: 2/13
いAdjective + Noun いAdjective + Noun いAdjective + Noun
[い]Adjective + Noun

かわい + 猫
新し + 車
+ 冬
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使用域 タメ語
In Japanese, almost any type of word can be attached to a noun to modify the meaning, or describe the qualities of that noun. However, depending on the type of word used, conjugation rules will differ slightly. For い-Adjectives, they are simply attached to the front of the noun in their standard (dictionary) form.
  • 早(はや)車(くるま)。
    Fast car.
  • 怖(こわ)先生(せんせい)。
    Scary teacher.
Caution: When identifying what an い adjective is, and what is not, remember that an い-Adjectives い will ‘always’ be outside of the kanji in the word.
面白(おもしろ)い - The い is outside the kanji, so it is definitely an い-Adjective.
綺麗(きれい) - The い is inside of the kanji, so it is definitely not an い-Adjective.
There are some, but very few exceptions.
嫌(きら)い - The い is outside of the kanji, but this is an な-Adjective.
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"old toilet is over there."

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