文法の説明

N3 レッスン 1: 11/22

(あま)

So much...that

使い方・接続

Verb + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
[い]Adjective[さ]+ + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
[い]Adjective[み]+ + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
[な]Adjective + + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase
Noun + + あまり + (Negative Result) Phrase

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「あまり」の情報

As a noun, あまり means 'excess', and refers to an amount of something that is in surplus. This noun is quite often used after many different types of words, to indicate that something happened/exists to an excessive degree (which then resulted in something negative occurring). By itself, (あま)り is not negative. However, this grammar point can be thought of as a set phrase that is generally used in negative situations.
To use あまり, you will need to attach it to the end of the following structures. A verb, an い-Adjective (that has been turned into a noun through the use of さ or み) followed by の, a な-Adjective followed by な, or a noun followed by の. Then, after あまり, a (B) phrase will highlight what the negative result was.
  • (かれ)仕事(しごと)()わらせること集中(しゅうちゅう)するあまり終電(しゅうでん)(のが)しました。
    He was so concentrated on finishing his work that he missed the last train.
  • トムは(あつ)さのあまり()(うしな)った。
    It was so hot that Tom fainted.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)(かれ)(わか)れて、(かな)しみのあまりボーっている
    She broke up with her boyfriend and is so sad that she is spacing out a lot.
  • (かれ)音楽(おんがく)()あまり仕事(しごと)()めてバンド(つく)った。
    He likes music so much that he quit his job and started a band.
  • ヤスエは(はじ)めてライブで、緊張(きんちょう)あまり上手(うま)(うた)なかった
    Yasue had her first concert, and she was so nervous that she couldn't sing well.
Caution
The tense of the overall sentence will be dependent on the first clause. Therefore, it is common to see the verb before あまり being used in several different tenses.
  • 先輩(せんぱい)()(かい)(さけ)沢山(たくさん)()んだあまり一人(ひとり)(かえ)ことができなかった
    Senpai drank so much at the party that he couldn't get home by himself.
  • 最近(さいきん)彼女(かのじょ)(わか)れた友達(ともだち)心配(しんぱい)するあまり友達(ともだち)(はな)()()った
    I was so worried about my friend, who has broken up with his girlfriend recently, that I went to his place to listen to him vent.
  • 社長(しゃちょう)社員(しゃいん)全員(ぜんいん)(おそ)れられているあまり(だれ)社長(しゃちょう)提案(ていあん)否定(ひてい)ない
    The CEO of our company is so feared by all of the workers that no one will criticize his decisions.

例文

--:--

    旅行(りょこう)への(たの)しみ(あま)今日(きょう)()れなさそう。

    I am so excited for my trip that it seems like I won't be able to sleep tonight.

    トムは(おどろ)(あま)(なに)()えなかった。

    Tom was so surprised that he was speechless.

    美味(おい)(あま)()べるのは()きない。

    It is so delicious that I can never get tired of eating it.

    ある()王様(おうさま)()べすぎ(あま)()()がることができなかった。

    One day, the king ate so much that he wasn't able to stand up.

    (かな)(あま)言葉(ことば)(うしな)った。

    I was so distraught that I was at a loss for words.

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「あまり」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計14件)

  • IcyIceBear

    IcyIceBear

    It’s how the negative verb pairs with そう

    そう grammar discussion

    Helpful comment from that discussion

  • schumi

    schumi

    Still about the example sentence
    旅行への楽しみさのあまり、今日は寝れなさそう。

    I’m fine with either 楽しみ or 楽しさ and the difference was nicely explained by @Daru above. However, I am seriously confused that we have both み and さ at the same time. Is this really correct? It seems I can find this combination nowhere else and (if that counts for anything) it does not seem to make so much logical sense to nominalize first with み and then nominalize again with さ. It does make sense maybe to say you nominalize 楽しみ as a な-Adjective? Anyway I would just like to confirm that this isn’t a typo.

  • Warrie

    Warrie

    I came here because I stumbled upon the same issue. Could anyone explain this please?

「あまり」について質問がありますか? 話し合ったり、質問をしてみんなで学びましょう!

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