文法の説明

N4 レッスン 2: 6/17

(はじ)める

To start, To begin to

使い方・接続

Verb[ます+ はじめる

詳細

  • 使用域

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

「はじめる」の情報

To express that actions are beginning or ending in Japanese, the verbs (はじ)める (to commence), or ()わる (to end) will need to be used. In this lesson, we will focus on actions that are 'beginning'.
To say that (A) is starting/beginning, we will need to attach はじめる to the ます stem of almost any verb. Whether you use the hiragana form, or the kanji form does not matter, as there will be no change in nuance.
  • 来月(らいげつ)から(かね)ため(はじ)めます
    I will start saving money from next month.
  • (うた)(うた)(はじ)める
    To start singing a song.
Due to はじめる being a verb itself, the tense can be changed, to show that something will start, is starting, or has started.
  • 明日(あした)から日本語(にほんご)(なら)(はじ)める
    I will start learning Japanese from tomorrow. (Will start)
  • (あめ)()(はじ)めてきた
    It is starting to rain. (Is starting)
  • 高校生(こうこうせい)(とき)(かね)()(はじ)めた
    I started saving up money when I was in high school. (Has started)
Caution
It can be easy to accidentally use (はじ)まる, the intransitive form of this verb. However, with this expression, the transitive form will always be used, due to the verb that はじめる is attached to being the thing that 'is started', by 'something' else.

例文

--:--

    今朝(けさ)(ゆき)()りはじめた

    It started to snow this morning.

    明日(あした)から日本語(にほんご)(なら)いはじめます

    I will start learning Japanese from tomorrow.

    大学(だいがく)卒業(そつぎょう)てから仕事(しごと)()きはじめた

    I started going to work after graduation from college.

    日本(にほん)()てから文法(ぶんぽう)勉強(べんきょう)しはじめた

    I started studying grammar after going to Japan.

    練習(れんしゅう)しはじめてください。

    Please begin to (do) practice.

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「はじめる」に関する文法ディスカッション

最近の返信 (合計15件)

  • Yumari-1

    Yumari-1

    Thanks for the quick answer!

    I think I get it now. The point being that the main meaning of から is always “from/because” and if we change てから to たから, the から particle reverts back to its more primary meaning (no longer means “once … then something else”) and hence stops working with this particular example.

    I hope my understanding is not messed up.

  • Hqrshy

    Hqrshy

    I’ve seen other stuff like this and I am kind of confused. Why is it はじめた instead of はじまた because nobody is causing the snow to fall, it is falling by itself shouldn’t the intransitive version be used?

  • nekoyama

    nekoyama

    When 始める is used as an auxiliary, the main verb is what determines transitivity. 降り始める is therefore intransitive because 降る is intransitive.

    You can think of it as 降り acting as the object for 始める.

    始まる isn’t used as an auxiliary and if it was, its past form would be 始また.

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