N5 Lesson 4: 10/12
がある + Noun がある + Noun

がある + Noun

Noun2 that has Noun1
Noun2 with Noun1
etc


Structure Legend
Structure
Noun1 + がある/のある + Noun2
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[AがあるB - B that has A・B with A]

Example: [障害がある]人 - A person [that has a disability]・A person [with disability]・A [disabled] person

The phrase [Aがある] modifies (qualifies) the noun B. [Aがある] therefore becomes a RELATIVE CLAUSE (describes the noun), similar to adjectives creating one bigger noun. Since in Japanese there are no relative pronouns (that, which, etc.), the phrase directly precedes the noun that is modified.

Relative clauses have some rules:
1. The topic marker は cannot be used
2. The subject marker が can be replaced with の (this marks a relative clause)

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ベッドがある部屋(へや)。
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A room that has a bed.

みんなの日本語 I : Page 62 [CH 9]
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar : Page 76
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 63