Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 3: 8/13


To be, There is, To remain (in a state)

居る kanji use can frequently be seen


Noun + + いる


  • Part of Speech


  • Word Type


  • Register


  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About がいる

がいる is a common construction that is simply a combination of the particle, and the verb いる. This expression means 'to exist', or 'there is', and is used in relation to living/animate things.

Because the things being described in these examples are considered to be alive (or operated by something that is alive), いる is the verb that will be used. ある is used for non-living things.

The polite form of いる conjugates as います. Due to the る being removed, we can determine that いる is a る-Verb (Ichidan verb).

The kanji form of () is quite common, and should be learned as early as possible to save any confusion while reading. There is no nuance difference between this expression being used with or without kanji, and is up to the preference of the writer.


The in がいる is often omitted in casual speech, or writing that behaves like casual speech (manga, instant messaging, etc).

  • そこ警察(けいさつ)()
    There is a cop over there.




    I am (here). (exist)


    Tom is (here). (exists)


    Mr. Tanaka and Tom are (there). (exist)


    There is a teacher. (exists)


    A friend and I are (here). (exist)

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