Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 4: 9/13

()

Like, Fond of

Structure

Noun + + () +

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Noun

  • Word Type

    Adjectival Noun

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    名詞

  • 単語の種類

    形容動詞

  • 使用域

    一般

About 好き

(), meaning 'to like', is one of the very common な-Adjectives in Japanese that is used in many different expressions. All な-Adjectives behave similarly to verbs, in that their form changes depending on what comes after them.
For (), it will be followed by either , when acting as an adjective, , or the more polite です, when acting as a noun. This distinction is made depending on whether it is linked to another noun, or is independent.
  • (わたし)コンビニ()
    I like convenience stores. (They are likable, to me)
  • (かれ)サーフィン()です
    He likes surfing. (It has likability, to him)
  • (わたし)()ピザ()
    I eat the pizza that I like. (The pizza that is likable, to me)
In the example with だ, () is expressing that the thing is 'likable' (assertion). However, in the example with , () is expressing 'likability' as a quality of the noun it is attached to.
Caution
() is considered quite a strong adjective in Japanese when it is directed towards people, so it may be interpreted as romantic interest. (だい)() is often translated as 'love'.
  • (だい)()
    I love you!

Examples

  • ()

    Do you like (it)?

    This can also be interpreted as 'do you like me?'.

  • うん()

    Yeah, I like (it).

  • ()(ひと)がいます

    Is there someone that you like?

  • はい山田(やまだ)さん()です

    Yes, I like Yamada-san.

  • (わたし)(いえ)()です

    Do you like my house?

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    • Genki I 2nd Edition

      Page 134

    • みんなの日本語 I

      Page 62 [CH 9]

    • [DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar

      Page 426

    • Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide

      Page 39

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好き – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (5 in total)

  • BunLess78

    BunLess78

    Am I understanding this correctly?

    Suki Na Hito - Any person that I like, but with caution that it may sound romantic
    Suki No Hito - My favorite person (literally ,of all the Hitos, this 1 Hito is my favorite)

    The nuance is lost on me as a non polygamic person. I guess I’ll reserve Suki No Hito when talking about the Pope and Obama, and even then, they’ll have to battle for me

  • mietolim

    mietolim

    Why is it うん、好きだ if the structure presented is noun + が + 好き, why is there no が in the practice sentence?

  • IcyIceBear

    IcyIceBear

    Welcome to the community

    It’s like saying
    “Do you like apples?” りんごが好きですか
    “Yeah I like apples.” うん、りんごが好きです

    Vs

    “Do you like apples?” りんごが好きですか
    “Yeah I like em” うん、好きです

    You’re just omitting what it is you like, so the nounが isn’t used in that response.

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