N5 Lesson 4: 13/13
う - Verbs[た・ました] う - Verbs (Past Tense)

う - Verbs[た・ました]

う - Verbs (Past Tense)

⚠ Irregular Verbs ⚠️
行った ⇄ 行きました(regular)

Structure Legend
Structure
CasualFormal
Examples:
+ った
+ った
打う + った

+ いた
+ いだ

+ んだ
+ んだ
+ んだ

+ した

Exceptions:
行く → 行った
するした
くるきた
問う → 問うた
請う → 請うた
The past form of the verb is used to express actions that were completed or things that existed in past ( someone did/was)…, actions that happened at some unknown time in the past (experiences), and actions that happened in the past but have effect in the present (someone has done…).
The past polite form of うverbs is formed by replacing the last U sound with I (forming verb stem) and adding suffix ました. The short form formation has to be memorized, however, if you already know てform it is as simple as replacing て with た.

Signup to get access to SRS reviews and other great features!
昨日、本(ほん)を読(よ)んだ
昨日、本(ほん)を読(よ)みました
Reload
Slow
Normal
I read a book yesterday.
[past tense casual]

みんなの日本語 I : Page 122 [CH 19]
Genki I : Page 79 & 174
Genki I 2nd Edition : Page 110 & 212
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 50
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 87
Try N5 : Page 39
Try N5 : Page 88
みんなの日本語 I, Translation & Grammatical Notes : Page 34 & 124