Grammar Info

N0 Lesson 2: 2/12

Strong emphasis (friendly or familiar), !

Structure

Details

    About ぜ

    ぜ is an emphatic sentence ending particle in Japanese that is used in a similar way to よ. It emphasizes what the speaker is saying, but is not as strong as similar particles like ぞ.

    ぜ may be used at the end of any sentence, so long as the previous word is in its plain form, this includes when following auxiliary verbs. In the case of nouns, ぜ will follow the auxiliary verb だ, rather than coming directly after the noun.

    ぜ will be used when the speaker is directing a statement at a person who they are familiar with, or are on close terms with. Although often having a hint of friendliness, ぜ may also be seen when the speaker is making a statement to a rival, or someone with whom they have a similar type of relationship. This is unlike ぞ, which may be directed at anybody. Despite this difference, both particles are almost exclusively used by men.

    Fun Fact

    Rather than being specifically different from the sentence-ending particle ぞ, ぜ actually originates from a combination of ぞ followed by え. え being an alternative form of the sentence-ending particle い, which is seen in forms like だい, かい. As い is primarily used in a 'friendly' or 'familiar' way, ぜ keeps the same nuance. In short, ぞえ became ぜ, which then became its own word over time.

    Examples

    --:--

      (そと)()ろ!(ゆき)()っている

      Look outside! It's snowing!

      やっほー!計画(けいかく)上手(うま)くいった

      Heya! The plan went well!

      (ちち):「お(まえ)誕生日(たんじょうび)遊園地(ゆうえんち)()こう!」

      Dad: 'Let's go to an amusement park for your birthday!'

      同僚(どうりょう):「一緒(いっしょ)にタバコを()いに()こう!」

      Colleague: 'Let's go have a smoke together!'

      あの先生(せんせい)(こわ)いから、反抗(はんこう)しない(ほう)がいい

      Because that teacher is scary, it would be better to not defy them!

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