Grammar Info

関西弁 Lesson 1: 10/21

ている ⇒ とる

Does, Is doing

関西弁

Structure

Verb[て]+
Verb[] +

Details

    About ている ⇒ てる

    A common abbreviation that is used in the Kansai region is てる, and とる. Both of these expressions replace ている, the combination of the conjunction particle て, and the る - Verb, いる. These structures convey the same meaning as ている, and express that something is ongoing.
    てる is used equally by both genders, and is also relatively common in standard Japanese. とる on the other hand tends to be used almost exclusively by males, and is more unique to 関西弁(かんさいべん).
    • (ひさ)しぶり!元気(げんき)してる
      Long time no see! Are you healthy? (It's been a long time! How are you doing)
    • (いま)(なに)してる(ひま)やったら()()かへん?
      What are you doing right now? If you are free, do you want to go out for a drink?
    • めっちゃ緊張(きんちょう)しとる
      You are being so nervous. (You look so nervous)
    • (いま)勉強(べんきょう)しとるからあとでかけなおす
      I'm studying right now, so I will call you back later.
    Caution
    As とる interacts with verbs in the same way as ている, と will change to ど with the same verbs that て would usually change to で.
    • 祖母(ばあ)ちゃん、ちゃんと毎日(まいにち)(くすり)()んどる?ちゃんと毎日(まいにち)()まんとあかんで。
      Grandma, are you taking your meds everyday? You have to make sure to take them everyday.
    • 今日(きょう)(みち)(こん)どる
      The road is congested today also. (The traffic is terrible today too)

    Examples

    --:--

    • (わたし)はここでサッカーをしている
      (わたし)はここでサッカーをしてる

      I play soccer here.

      • トムと(はな)ている
        トムと(はな)てる

        I am talking with Tom.

        • 毎日(まいにち)勉強(べんきょう)をしている
          毎日(まいにち)勉強(べんきょう)をしとる

          I study everyday.

          [masculine]

          • 日本(にっぽん)()でいる外国(がいこく)(じん)
            日本(にっぽん)()でる外国(がいこく)(じん)

            A foreigner living in Japan.

            • (なに)をしている
              (なに)とる

              What are you doing?

              [masculine]

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