In this lesson about と
, we will look at the common translation of ‘with’ that is associated with this particle. と
shows that there is a relationship between (A) and (B), regardless of if that relationship is translated as ‘and
’, or ‘with
’. In each case, the things that are marked with と
are usually all performing some mutual action (that mutual action may simply be existing).
is used as ‘with’, it means that both/all people or objects are equally involved in the action. However, に
highlights that one person is the target (destination) of an action, so it will sound a lot more one sided.
Here we can see that both people are talking when と
is used. It is a mutual conversation. When に
is used, however, the person marked by に
is being talked ‘to’, and is not actively participating in the conversation.