N5 Lesson 3: 4/13
Noun (A) + は + Noun (B) + + Verb
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使用域 タメ語
In this lesson about , we will look at the common translation of ‘with’ that is associated with this particle. shows that there is a relationship between (A) and (B), regardless of if that relationship is translated as ‘and’, or ‘with’. In each case, the things that are marked with are usually all performing some mutual action (that mutual action may simply be existing).
  • カレーご飯(はん)食(た)べ
    I eat curry with rice. (I eat rice ‘and’ curry)
  • コーヒー彼女(かのじょ)飲(の)
    I drink coffee with my girlfriend. (I ‘and’ my girlfriend drink coffee)
When is used as ‘with’, it means that both/all people or objects are equally involved in the action. However, highlights that one person is the target (destination) of an action, so it will sound a lot more one sided.
  • 先生(せんせい)話(はな)
    I will talk with my teacher.
  • 先生(せんせい)話(はな)
    I will talk to my teacher.
Here we can see that both people are talking when is used. It is a mutual conversation. When is used, however, the person marked by is being talked ‘to’, and is not actively participating in the conversation.
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Taki runs with Mitsuha.

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