Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 10: 16/20

()わって

In place of, On behalf of, To succeed

Structure

Noun + ()わって(1)

(1)()わり

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About に代わって

()わって is an expression that will only appear with nouns, conveying that (B) is doing something 'in place of (A)', or 'on behalf of (A)'. This is a combination of the case marking particle , the う - Verb ()わる 'to substitute', and the conjunction particle て.
  • (いもうと)()わって(わたし)()(もの)()こと()まった。
    It has been decided that I am going to go shopping in place of my sister.
  • (わたし)彼女(かのじょ)()わって会議(かいぎ)()ます。
    I will be attending the meeting in place of her.
に代わり may also be used, as this is the formal conjunctive. Also known as the conjunctive form.
  • タナカさん()わり今日(きょう)(わたし)あなたたち担当(たんとう)します。
    In place of Tanaka-san, today, I am going to be in charge of you guys.
  • 世界中(せかいじゅう)はファックス()わりメール主流(しゅりゅう)になった日本(にほん)まだファックスしか使(つか)わないところ(おお)い。
    All around the world, fax has been replaced by email as the main form of communication, but there still are places in Japan that only use fax.
Fun Fact
In this construction, is acting as a location marker, rather than specifically meaning 'for (A)'. What this means is that に()わる is the act of removing (A) from its place, and exchanging it for (B). This is why に()わって may also be used in the meaning of 'to succeed', or 'to replace', as switching (A) to (B) may be permanent.
  • 今日(きょう)社長(しゃちょう)()わって(わたし)会議(かいぎ)(すす)めます。
    Today, I will take charge of the meeting in place of the CEO.
  • (ちち)()わって(みんな)挨拶(あいさつ)した。
    In place of my father, I greeted everyone.

Examples

--:--

    あなたが(わたし)(かわ)って説明(せつめい)をしてくれてありがとう。

    Thank you for explaining it on my behalf.

    社長(しゃちょう)(かわ)って山田(やまだ)さんが乾杯(かんぱい)挨拶(あいさつ)をします。

    On behalf of the CEO, Mr. Yamada will do the toast.

    (わたし)(かわ)って、あなたが発表(はっぴょう)をすることになった。

    It has been decided that you will do the presentation instead of me.

    弁護士(べんごし):「依頼人(いらいにん)(かわ)って手続(てつづ)きを(すす)めます。」

    Lawyer: 'I will proceed with the formalities on behalf of my client.'

    欠席(けっせき)課長(かちょう)(かわ)って(わたし)会議(かいぎ)参加(さんか)しました。

    I attended on behalf of the absent section manager.

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に代わって – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

  • eefara

    eefara

    What is the difference between に代わって and かわりに? The former feels more formal, but that isn’t noted in the grammar explanation if so.

  • Johnathan-Weir

    Johnathan-Weir

    Based on this video and the other reading it’s like so,

    〜かわりに - casual/semi-formal
    〜にかわって - formal/business
    〜にかわり - formal writing

    Also, based on some other reading 〜にかわって is almost exclusively used with people.

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