Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 10: 21/22

先駆(さきが)けて

First, Prior to, Pioneer, Ahead of

Structure

Noun + 先駆(さきが)け(て)

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About に先駆けて

先駆(さきが), is an expression used after nouns which indicates that something is being done ‘ahead of (A)’, or in a way that ‘paves the way for (A)’. It is a combination of the case-marking particle に, and the conjunctive form of the る-verb 先駆(さきが)ける, meaning ‘to lead the attack’, or ‘to pioneer’. In most cases, 先駆(さきが)け will imply that one person or organization did something first, which then led to everyone else within the same category taking the same course of action.
Common translations include ‘prior to (A), (B)’, or ‘ahead of (A), (B)’. Occasionally, the conjunction particle て may be used after the base 先駆(さきが)け form.
  • 世界(せかい)先駆(さきが)、あの(くに)死刑(しけい)廃止(はいし)した。
    Pioneering for other countries, that country was the first to abolish the death penalty.
  • 三重県(みえけん)全国(ぜんこく)先駆(さきが)梅雨(つゆ)()りをした。
    Ahead of the rest of the nation, the rainy season kicked off in Mie prefecture.
  • A(しゃ)他社(たしゃ)先駆(さきが)けて自動(じどう)運転(うんてん)可能(かのう)(くるま)開発(かいはつ)した。
    Paving the way for other companies, Company A developed a self-driving automobile.
As this grammar structure often indicates whole bodies that took a similar action after (B), 先駆(さきが) will usually be seen after words like 世界(せかい) ‘the world’, 全国(ぜんこく) ‘the whole country’, 全市(ぜんし) ‘the whole city’ or ‘every city’, 業界(ぎょうかい) ‘the industry’, 他社(たしゃ) ‘other companies’, or ()◯ ‘or anything’.

Examples

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  • 1763(ねん)に、プロイセンは他国(たこく)先駆(さきが)けて近代(きんだい)(てき)義務(ぎむ)教育(きょういく)導入(どうにゅう)した。

    In 1763, paving the way for other countries, Prussia introduced the modern compulsory education.

    • コンサートのサイト:「ファンクラブでは、一般(いっぱん)発売(はつばい)先駆(さきが)けて、チケットの販売(はんばい)(おこな)います。」

      Concert website: 'The selling of tickets via the fan club will take place prior to offering them to the general public.'

      • 広告(こうこく):「世界(せかい)人々(ひとびと)先駆(さきが)けて(たの)しみながら(まな)体験(たいけん)(がた)博物館(はくぶつかん)(おとず)れてみてはいかがでしょう。」

        Advertisement: 'How about paving the way for the people of the world and visiting an interactive museum, where you can learn and have fun at the same time.'

        • ()(しゃ)他社(たしゃ)先駆(さきが)けて世界(せかい)(はつ)となる海流(かいりゅう)発電(はつでん)実証(じっしょう)実験(じっけん)成功(せいこう)させた。

          Pioneering for other companies, our company was the first in the world to succeed in demonstrating ocean current power generation.

          • スプートニク1(ごう)世界(せかい)先駆(さきが)けて()()げられた人工(じんこう)衛星(えいせい)です。

            Pioneering for the rest of the world, Sputnik was the first artificial satellite to be launched.

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