Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 4: 19/20

classical negative, classical Verb[ない]

Some set phrases cannot be rephrased to ない

Structure
Verb[ない+
Verb[ない+ + Noun

Exceptions:
する → せ
くる → こ
いる → おら
Details
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使用域 一般
Information
  • [ぬ was used in classical Japanese to express the negation of verbs. It is very rarely used in modern daily life]
  • [ぬ is mostly seen in set phrases, older texts and novels/dramas/anime and manga set in the past. Originally it was only used to modify nouns]
  • [There is also another classical construction Verb[stem] + ぬ meaning “to do completely”]
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「隅(すみ)に置(お)け人(ひと)」というのは「侮(あなど)れない人(ひと)」ということなのだ。
"Sumi ni okenu hito" means "a person who cannot be taken lightly".
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こちらでは性(せい)による差別(さべつ)は許可(きょか)されておら
Sex discrimination is not permitted here.
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「おろかの者(もの)、男(おとこ)には殺(ころ)せのだ。」
"Fool, no man can kill me."
lit. "Fool, man cannot kill me."
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Online
Japanese StackExchange
Japanese Naturally... By Mizue Sasaki
Books
Tobira
Page 260
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 282
A Handbook of Japanese Grammar Patterns
Page 493