Grammar Info

関西弁 Lesson 1: 5/21

たんだ ⇒ てん

Explanatory

関西弁

Structure

Non-past
Verb + ねん
[い]Adjective + ねん
[な]Adjective + やねん
Noun + やねん

​ Past
Verb[]+ てん
[い]Adjective[かっ + てん
[な]Adjective + だった + やってん
Noun + だった + やってん

Details

    About のだ ⇒ ねん

    As a summary of a few more of the regular particle patterns that change in 関西弁(かんさいべん), we have the following:
    んだ becomes ねん (less commonly んや, or にゃ)
    たんだ becomes てん
    It may seem a little odd to cover both of these in one lesson, but the reason is primarily due to the structures that are being replaced in standard Japanese. Both of which are patterns that contain んだ (the sentence ending expression used to convey new information, or make enquiries).
    Let's have a look at these structures in action, and see how they compare to the originals.
    • 昨日(きのう)からずっと(なか)(いた)ねん
      My stomach has been hurting since yesterday.
    Like んだ, ねん regularly appears at the end of sentences, and points out that the thing that was just said is an explanation.
    • 先週(せんしゅう)家族(かぞく)ユニバ行ってん
      Last week, I went to Universal Studio Japan with my family.
    Also pointing out an explanation, てん simply means that something 'was' a certain way (incorporating the past tense of だった).
    Fun Fact
    ねんis also often paired with や, the Kansai dialect equivalent of だ. This structure has a very similar meaning to なんだ 'it is that (A)' in standard Japanese.
    • 英語(えいご)(はな)せないけどフランス()ペラペラねん
      I can't speak English, but I am fluent in French.
    Being the form of ねん that appears with nouns or な-Adjectives, it keeps exactly the same explanatory meaning as なんだ.
    ねん and てん are the primary elements to remember here, as やねん is merely a conjugation of ねん that includes や, rather than something that would be considered its own separate grammar pattern. All of these expressions can be thought of as simple replacements for んだ (or のだ).

    Examples

    --:--

      交通(こうつう)事故(じこ)渋滞(じゅうたい)だったんだ
      交通(こうつう)事故(じこ)渋滞(じゅうたい)やってん

      There was a traffic jam because of an accident.

      昨夜(さくや)映画(えいが)()たんだ
      昨夜(さくや)映画(えいが)()てん

      Last night, I watched a movie.

      来月(らいげつ)からハワイに()んだ(たの)しみなんだ~。
      来月(らいげつ)からハワイに()ねん(たの)しみやねん~。

      I am going to go to Hawaii starting next month. I am super excited!

      あと(すこ)しで(おお)怪我(けが)をするところだったんだ。すごく(あぶ)なかったんだ
      あと(すこ)しで(おお)怪我(けが)をするところやってん。めっちゃ(あぶ)なかってん

      I was just about to get hurt real bad. It was very dangerous!

      東京(とうきょう)()んでいてディズニーランドに(ちか)んだ
      東京(とうきょう)()んでいてディズニーランドに(ちか)ねん

      I am living in Tokyo and very close to DisneyLand!

    • Get more example sentences!

      Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

    Self-Study Sentences

    Study your own way!

    Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

    • Online

      There are no Online resources listed for 「のだ ⇒ ねん」.

      You can . Resources are constantly updated, come back later to see new additions!


    • Offline

      There are no Offline resources listed for 「のだ ⇒ ねん」.

      You can . Resources are constantly updated, come back later to see new additions!

    • Track Resources!

      Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

    のだ ⇒ ねん – Grammar Discussion

    There's currently no discussion for のだ ⇒ ねん

    Start it to ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!

    Start Discussion