Verb + 必要 + が + ある
To use 必要がある, just attach it after the plain form of the verb that you want to highlight the 'need' for.
- 明日にテストがあるから、勉強をする必要がある。Because I have a test tomorrow, it is necessary to study.
- 息子はまだ小さいので、いつも一緒にいる必要がある。Since my son is still little, it is necessary for me to be with him at all times.
Naturally, this grammar pattern may also be used negatively, to highlight that there is 'no need to do (A)', or that 'doing (A) is not necessary'.
- カイルは日本語が分かるので、書類を英語に訳す必要がない。Since Kyle understands Japanese, there is no need to translate the documents into English.
- 娘は元気になったので、病院に行く必要がありません。Since my daughter got well, there is no need to go to the hospital.
It is necessary to eat breakfast.
It is necessary to take a passport with you if you want to go overseas.
It is necessary to finish that by tomorrow.
If you are going to stay at a hotel, it is necessary to bring a razor.
If you want to pass the test, it is necessary to listen to the teacher's instruction.
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ひつようがある – Grammar Discussion
Most Recent Replies (11 in total)
@rwmleach Hey! It might help if you break these two down into more direct translations.
In the first sentence, the need to eat is the main focus of what “is” (ある), while the second sentence places more emphasis on the act of eating. That being said, both of these sentences essentially mean the same thing and can be interpreted as such. Cheers!
That’s very helpful, thank you. If I take the translation a step further I do see the distinction even more.
- 食べる必要がある。- There is a need to eat.
- 食べることが必要だ。- Eating is necessary.
And as you suggested, if someone were to ask me the difference between those two English sentences it would be tough! Although I guess the second one feels like more general life advice, but the first one feels like it is for a more specific situation.
I have just noticed that some of the Readings Links are broken.
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