Grammar Info
N1 Lesson 3: 11/17

for the purpose of, in order to, to ensure

Verb[る]+ べく

(1) + べく

(1) する
Register Formal
使用域 硬い
As the conjunctive form of the classical auxiliary verb べし, べく will be attached to the dictionary form of verbs in order to convey the purpose of an action. This will be translated as 'for the purpose of (A), (B)', 'in order to (A), (B)', or 'to ensure that (A), (B)'.
べく itself will only attach to verbs that can be done intentionally, with some purpose in mind. The (B) part of べく sentences will also indicate an intentional action that will be performed in order to reach the goal of (A).
  • 地域(ちいき)の高齢者(こうれいしゃ)の安全(あんぜん)を守(まも)るべく、交番(こうばん)が設置(せっち)されました。
    In order to ensure the safety of the elderly in the community, a police box has been set.
  • 息子(むすこ)は医者(いしゃ)になるべく、ここ3年間(ねんかん)ほぼ寝(ね)ずに毎日(まいにち)勉強(べんきょう)をしている。
    In order to become a doctor, he has been studying these past 3 years without much sleep.
When combining with する with べく, due to べく being a classical auxiliary verb, it will attach to the classical stem of する, す. However, in modern Japanese it is fairly common to see both すべく and するべく, with both forms being considered correct.
  • ここでの交通(こうつう)事故(じこ)を防止(ぼうし)すべく、ガードレールなどの設備(せつび)を設置(せっち)することになった。
    In order to prevent car accidents here, things such as guardrails are to be installed.
  • 次(つぎ)の大会(たいかい)で優勝(ゆうしょう)するべく、彼(かれ)らは毎日(まいにち)朝(あさ)から夜(よる)まで練習(れんしゅう)をするようにしている。
    They try to practice every day from morning to night in order to win the next competition.
べく itself is a very formal structure in modern Japanese, so will rarely be used in standard speech.
Fun Fact
Although べし and all of its conjugations have slightly different translations based on the grammar points that they appear in, the underlying meaning can be stemmed from the originating kanji 可(べ)し, meaning 'to be permissible'. The focus with this kanji and all forms of べし are just that the word it is attached to is being marked as a strong goal. This means that rather than 'in order to (A)', べく is closer to 'to attain (A)', in that it adds further emphasis.
Slow Male
Hide All
Hide Japanese
Hide English
In order to become a medical intern, he studied at a medical college for five years.
Corporate site: In order to meet our customers' needs, our company has developed the world's first AI customer support.
University website: "We, at the IZU university of science and technology, have been making preparations in order to launch lectures for the Fall Term as planned."
[Both するべく and すべく are correct]
Try N1
Page 131
Sou Matome Bunpou N1
Page 88
Shin Kanzen Master N1 Bunpou
Page 50
A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar
Page 32