Grammar Info
N3 Lesson 10: 11/20

expressly・especially, go out of one's way, take the trouble to

わざと means "on purpose!"

わざわざ + Phrase
Register Standard
使用域 一般
わざわざ is a 副詞(ふくし) (adverb) that is used to express when someone has gone out of their way to achieve a certain result. It may be translated as ‘expressly’, ‘especially’, or ‘to go out of one’s way to (A)’.
わざわざ will usually be used at the beginning of sentences, before some statement will be made about an active that was intentionally done.
  • わざわざ私(わたし)が好(す)きな饅頭(まんじゅう)買(か)いに行(い)ってくれた?ありがとう!
    You went out of your way to buy me my favorite manju? Thank you!
  • わざわざ会社(かいしゃ)に行(い)って仕事(しごと)しなきゃいけない理由(りゆう)わからない、別(べつ)家(いえ)も出来(でき)るのに
    I don't understand the reason to go out of my way to go into an office to work, I can work from home.
わざわざ has a tendency to be used positively, although it may be used with negative connotations as well.
  • わざわざここまで来(き)てくれてありがとうございます
    Thank you very much for going out of your way to come here. (Positive)
  • 何(なん)でわざわざそういうひどいこと言(い)う
    Why do you go out of your way to say something so mean? (Negative)
Fun Fact
Although almost never used, 態態(わざわざ) may be seen in this kanji form. 態(わざ) is a kanji used to express ‘purpose’, or ‘intent’. Generally, it refers to someone's ‘willingness’ to do something. As such, わざわざ just expresses that (A) is something that the speaker has as a strong goal. How it will be translated depends more on whether the actual result is positive, negative, or undecided.
Positive result - To purposefully do (A), with the result of (A).
Negative result - To have every intention of (A), with the actual result of (B).
Undecided result - To be intent on (A), with (A) hopefully happening.
わざと is a construction that comes from the same kanji as わざわざ. わざと generally only conveys ‘on purpose’, while わざわざ has many more potential meanings (due to being stronger).
  • わざと押(お)したでしょ?あんた最低(さいてい)。
    You pushed me on purpose, didn't you? You are the worst.
  • 何(なん)でわざわざ邪魔(じゃま)しに来(く)る
    Why do you come here especially to bother me?
Slow Male
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I see you came here expressly to work.
You didn't have to go out of your way to criticize.
You will go out of your way just to go by yourself?
Maggie Sensei
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