Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 1: 7/17


By means of, With, By, Via, In view of

・Generally not used with simple means like in "going by bus"


Noun + もって


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About を以て

をもって is a formal grammar pattern stemming from the meaning of its kanji counterpart (もっ)て 'by means of'. It is used in a similar way to the case-marking particle で, and will be translated as 'with (A)', 'by (A)', 'via (A)', or 'by means of (A)'.
As this structure is preceded by the particle を, it will only be used directly following nouns, or noun phrases.
  • 検査(けんさ)結果(けっか)電話(でんわ)をもって連絡(れんらく)させていただきます。
    The results of the examination will be communicated by telephone.
  • 客様(きゃくさま)順番(じゅんばん)になりましたら、アプリをもって通知(つうち)いたします。
    When it is your turn, you will be notified via the app.
  • 自分(じぶん)家族(かぞく)()ってから、(おや)である大変(たいへん)さを()をもって(かん)じた。
    By having my own family, I have learned firsthand how difficult being a parent is.
Despite being similar to で in meaning, をもって will generally not be used in regard to simple methods of doing something, such as 'traveling by train'. Due to this, the translation of 'by means of' is the most accurate, as it would only be used in situations where the speaker is trying to emphasize the means, like in English. In addition to this, it is not often used with concrete items, such as a fork or a hammer, but instead will appear alongside abstract concepts, like 'with sincerity', or 'with compassion'.
Fun Fact
をもってすれば is a commonly occuring pattern, and may be translated as 'going off the assumption that it were with (A)'.
  • 最新(さいしん)技術(ぎじゅつ)をもってすれば運転(うんてん)完全(かんぜん)自動化(じどうか)することは可能(かのう)だと(おも)います。
    With recent technologies, I think it will be possible to fully automate driving.
  • (きみ)みたいな忍耐(にんたい)をもってすれば、どんなことでも()()えられるだろう。
    With your perseverance, you will probably be able to overcome anything.




    A new kind of battery, made with graphene-coated anodes, is expected to be introduced next year. (by means of)


    Tanaka-san has been elected as a labor union representative with a majority vote. (by means of)


    Recruiter: 'The results of the interview will be communicated to you by phone.' (by means of・in view of)


    A wedding ceremony, the entrance of the bride and groom, priest: 'Everybody, please welcome (the bride and groom) with applause.' (by means of)


    The winner will be notified by means of a prize. (Literally - The announcement of the winner will be replaced with the shipment of the prize)

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を以て – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (1 in total)

  • jc04tu


    The details for this point show the Register as Casual, but the information section says it’s used in very formal circumstances. I’ve noticed similar inconsistencies in some other grammar points as well. Are these just mislabeled, or have I been misunderstanding Bunpro’s meaning of “Register”?

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