Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 7: 2/17

()ねて

And also, Also (partly) to, Also (partly) for (the purpose of), At the same time, To double as, When … also, While … as well, And as

Structure

Noun + (1) + ()ねて

(1)

Details

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    Standard

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    一般

About を兼ねて

()ねて is a grammar pattern that makes use of the standard meaning of the る-Verb ()ねる 'to stretch across to', or 'to do concurrently'. The adverbial particle を will mark a noun which will be considered the secondary event or state, while ()ねて will be followed by the primary event or state that will be done concurrently with (A). This is often translated as 'to (A) at the same time as (B)', 'to double as (A)', or 'to (A) also partly for the purpose of (B)'.
  • おばあちゃんはボケ防止(ぼうし)()ねて毎日(まいにち)クロスワードパズルをしています。
    My grandma does crossword puzzles also partly to prevent dementia.
  • 日本語(にほんご)勉強(べんきょう)()ねて英語(えいご)字幕(じまく)なしで日本(にほん)映画(えいが)をみています。
    I watch Japanese movies without subtitles also partly to learn Japanese.
  • ダイエット()ねて毎朝(まいあさ)ランニングしています。
    I run everyday also partly to lose weight.
()ねて often highlights (B) as the primary goal, where (A) is something that acts to support it, makes sense to be done together, or just gives the speaker a good excuse to do (B). In order to remember that (A) is actually the secondary goal in this structure, using the literal translation of 'while extending across to (A), (B)' may help.
In the case of multiple goals existing, the case-marking particle と will be used for listing of nouns.
  • 運動(うんどう)不足(ぶそく)とストレス発散(はっさん)()ねて、キックボクシングジムに(かよ)っている。
    I go to a kickboxing gym also partly to relieve stress and to get exercise.
  • 体調(たいちょう)管理(かんり)節約(せつやく)()ねて()(とき)はエアコンを使(つか)わないようにしている。
    I try not to use the air conditioner also partly for my health and to save money.

Examples

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    日本語(にほんご)勉強(べんきょう)()ねて日本(にほん)のゲームをしています。

    I play Japanese games also (partly) to learn the language.

    ダイエット()ねて、スポーツジムに(かよ)っています。

    I go to the gym also (partly) to lose weight.

    散歩(さんぽ)()ねて隣町(となりまち)まで(ある)いて()(もの)()きました。

    I went to the shop and (partly) for a stroll as well.

    ちよちゃんの誕生日(たんじょうび)(ちか)いので、お誕生日会(たんじょうびかい)()ねてパーティーを(おこな)いたい。

    Chiyo-chan's birthday is approaching, so I want to organize a party that will double as a birthday meet-up as well.

    小遣(こづか)(かせ)()ねて趣味(しゅみ)同人誌(どうじんし)(えが)いている。

    I draw doujinshi as a hobby and also (partly) for extra money.

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