Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 2: 6/24


In, On, Into, Inside of


Noun + + (なか)


  • Register


  • 使用域


About 中を

Coming from the base meaning of the noun (なか) meaning 'inside', the addition of the case marking particleを in its role of identifying the place where an action is taking place creates a grammar structure that can be translated as 'doing (B) in (A)', 'doing (B) on (A)', or 'doing (B) inside of (A)'.
With this grammar point, (B) will be the action, while (A) will be a noun indicating the location.
  • (いえ)(かえ)ってきたら、まずは弁当(べんとう)(ばこ)(なか)(から)にしてっていつも()ってるじゃん!
    I always tell you to empty out the inside of the lunch box first thing when you come home, don't I?
  • スーパーの(なか)(なに)()わずにウロウロしていたら、警備員(けいびいん)のおじさんに(あや)しまれて(こえ)をかけられた。
    When I was wandering around (inside) the supermarket without buying anything, the security guard thought I was suspicious so he came to talk to me.
Caution - The person or thing that is doing the action that (なか) is indicating may not actually be within the noun being marked with (A). A good example of this is 'doing (B) into (A)', such as with the う-Verb (のぞ)く 'to peer'.
  • 子供(こども)(みょう)(しず)かだな〜と(おも)い、子供(こども)部屋(べや)(なか)(のぞ)いてみたらただ()ていただけだった。
    I thought, 'My kid is suspiciously quiet', so I peeked into their room, but they were just sleeping.



  • (いえ)(なか)(ねこ)()(まわ)っている。

    The cat is running around the inside of the house.

    • トンネルの(なか)(のぞ)く。

      I will peer into a tunnel.

      • (なべ)(なか)(あら)

        I will wash the inside of a pot.

        • 人混(ひとご)みの(なか)(ある)のは大変(たいへん)です。

          It is hard to walk within a crowd of people.

          • この水族館(すいぞくかん)は、まるで(うみ)(なか)(ある)いているようだ。

            This aquarium is like walking inside of the ocean.

            • Get more example sentences!

              Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

            Self-Study Sentences

            Study your own way!

            Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

            • Online

            • Offline

              There are no Offline resources listed for 「中を」.

              You can . Resources are constantly updated, come back later to see new additions!

            • Track Resources!

              Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

            中を – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (5 in total)

            • devonhollowood


              Could you instead say 「家の中猫が歩く」? If so, how would the meaning change (using で vs. を)?

            • Fuga


              Hey there! You could say 家の中で猫が歩く,but there is a slight difference in nuance.
              The sentence using で has the nuance of the cat just walking somewhere in the house, while the sentence using を has the nuance of the cat ‘traveling’ or walking around the house.

            • devonhollowood


              Ah, that makes sense. Thanks!

            Got questions about 中を? Join us to discuss, ask, and learn together!

            Join the Discussion