Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 2: 11/24

後(あと)の + (Noun)
…left, rest, remaining, in, …to, …else

あと + + Noun
あと + Phrase
あと + Number +(Counter)
Register Standard
使用域 一般
One of the common uses for the 名詞(めいし) (noun) 後(あと) ‘behind’ is to express a remainder, or everything after a certain point. This can be translated as ‘what’s left of (A)’, ‘the rest of (A)’, ‘what’s remaining of (A)’, or even ‘other than (A)’. Let’s have a look at a few examples.
後(あと) will be grouped with the 格助詞(かくじょし) (case-marking particle) の before nouns, come directly before numbers, or be used at the beginning of whole phrases.
  • 今(いま)あなたが持(も)っている段(だん)ボール箱(ばこ)はキッチンまで運(はこ)んでおいてください。後(あと)の段(だん)ボール箱(ばこ)は全部(ぜんぶ)寝室(しんしつ)までお願(ねが)いします。
    Please bring the cardboard box you are carrying into the kitchen. Please take all the rest to the master bedroom.
  • 後(あと)ちょっとで着(つ)くからもうちょっと我慢(がまん)して。
    We will arrive in a little bit, so please be patient for a little longer.
  • 映画(えいが)公開(こうかい)まで後(あと)3日(か)!
    Three days left until the movie gets released!
Despite having many different translations, the base meaning of 後(あと) will always just be to identify a sequence of things, and what comes ‘after’ or ‘behind’ a specific point in that sequence.
Slow Male
Hide All
Hide Japanese
Hide English
A child is talking with a neighbor: "We have 7 animals at home. 5 are cats and the remaining ones are dogs."
[The “の2匹” part can be omitted since the amount is clear from the context]
Student1: "Why did you play games all day long even though there is an exam tomorrow?"
Student2: "No way! I didn’t hear anything about having only one day left until the exam!"
[まで often precedes this use of あと]
Sci-fi Movie: "Except for Europa, the remaining worlds belong to you."
Maggie Sensei
Page 356