Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 8: 4/22

(おそ)れがある

There is a risk or fear that, Be in danger of, Possibility of

Structure

Verb[る](1) + (おそ)がある
[い]Adjective + (おそ)がある
[な]Adjective + (2) + (おそ)がある
Noun + (2) + (おそ)がある

(1) Verb[ない]
(2) である

Details

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About 恐れがある

(おそ)れがある is a set phrase in Japanese that is used in a fairly literal sense to convey that 'there is a chance of (A)', or 'there is a fear of (A)'. This is a combination of the noun, (おそ)れ 'fear', が, and the う-Verb ある 'to be'. (おそ)れがある will be used when (A) is a negative outcome that may potentially occur in some particular situation, and is usually used to warn about being careful of something.
(おそ)れ is primarily used directly after verbs, or nouns followed by の.
  • 高温(こうおん)にすると爆発(ばくはつ)する(おそ)れがあるので、直射(ちょくしゃ)日光(にっこう)()たるところに()かないでください。
    Since there is a possibility of explosion when this reaches high temperatures, please don't place this in direct sunlight.
  • 津波(つなみ)(おそ)れがある場合(ばあい)には、(すみ)やかに避難所(ひなんじょ)まで避難(ひなん)してください。
    When there is a risk of a tsunami, please rapidly evacuate to the evacuation area.
In most cases, (おそ)れ carries the meaning of something that innately carries some kind of concern in relation to it, so depending on the context, alternative suitable translations could be 'concern', 'anxiety', 'worry', etc.
Fun-fact - In addition to がある following (おそ)れ, other common combinations are (おそ)れを() 'to carry the fear of (A)', or 'to bear the fear of (A)', and (おそ)れが(つよ)まる 'for the fear of (A) to strengthen', or 'for the fear of (A) to intensify'.
  • 若者(わかもの)将来(しょうらい)について(おそ)れを()ことは普通(ふつう)のことです。
    It is normal for young people to have fears about the future.
  • 夏場(なつば)現場(げんば)では熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)(おそ)れが(つよ)まるので、作業員(さぎょういん)(かた)はこまめに水分補給(すいぶんほきゅう)休憩(きゅうけい)()るようにしてください。
    Workers are encouraged to hydrate and take frequent breaks, as the risk of heat stroke increases at construction sites during summer.

Examples

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  • 天気(てんき)予報(よほう):「明日(あす)は、本州(ほんしゅう)中心(ちゅうしん)大雨(おおあめ)()(ところ)がありそうです
    関東(かんとう)から東北(とうほく)にかけては強風(きょうふう)(おそ)れもあります。」

    Weather forecast: 'It seems that the areas where rain will fall tomorrow are centered in Honshuu.
    There is also the possibility of strong winds from the Kanto to Tohoku areas.'

    • もし全住民(ぜんじゅうみん)注射(ちゅうしゃ)されなければ、伝染(でんせん)(びょう)(ひろ)がる(おそ)れがある

      If the entire population is not vaccinated, there is a fear that the contagious disease will spread.

      • 医者(いしゃ):「(たお)れたせいで(かた)怪我(けが)をした(おそ)れがあるので、レントゲンを()ったほうがいいです。」

        Doctor: 'You should have an X-ray since there is a risk that you injured your shoulder due to falling.'

        • この()()中身(なかみ)()れる(おそ)れがあるから(ふくろ)()れてください。

          There is a risk that the contents of these paints will leak, so please place them in a bag.

          • 遠足(えんそく)()ったのはいいが、(きゅう)天候(てんこう)変化(へんか)(かえ)れない(おそ)れがある

            It is alright if you go on the trip, but there is the possibility of a sudden change in weather that would not let you return (home).

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            恐れがある – Grammar Discussion