Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 9: 12/22

()む ①

To go into, To put into


Verb[ます + ()


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About 込む ①

In Japanese, the う - Verb () 'to jam into' is frequently used as a suffix to convey several different meanings. The primary meanings are as follows:
(A) () - To enter completely into doing (A), or the state of being in (A).
(A) () - To enter a state of doing (A) that will not be considered complete until 'success'.
(A) () - To enter a state of doing (A) that cannot be escaped from.
In this lesson, we will exclusively focus on the first meaning, which is usually translated as 'to put into (A)', or 'to go into (A)'. This form will be attached to the conjunctive form of other verbs.
  • ピン(かべ)()()
    To push a pin into a wall.
  • (くすり)()()苦手(にがて)です
    I am not the best at drinking down medicine. (I am not the best at swallowing medicine)
  • 電車(でんしゃ)ドア()まる(まえ)電車(でんしゃ)(はし)()
    Before the train door closed, I ran in.
  • サウナから()て、水風呂(みずぶろ)()()ように(はい)った。
    I came out of the sauna and went into the water bath as if I was leaping into it.
Despite the multiple meanings, () can almost always be thought of as 'jamming (B) into (A)'. This means that whatever the (A) action is, will be something that is not easily entered, but also not easily escaped from.




    Light novel, chat between classmates : 'Taking a dragon into class, isn't that breaking the rules?' (put into)


    In the queue: 'To cut in (line)! How impudent!' (put into)


    Light novel, chat between heroes: 'Do you plan to march into the demon king's castle alone? Please, stop!' (put into)


    Light novel, the narrator: 'Kotaka has suddenly run into the club room, and taken a seat next to her.' (put into)


    Teacher: 'Please fill in your textbooks with answers.' (put into)

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      込む ① – Grammar Discussion

      Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

      • Johnathan-Weir


        This may a good addition for the readings:

      • Daru


        Added it! Thank you for the suggestion!

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