Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 10: 4/12

~て (Qualities and States)
And..., Both and (conjunctive)

Structure
[い]Adjective[て] + Phrase
[な]Adjective + + Phrase
Noun + + Phrase
Details
Part of Speech Particle
Word Type Conjunctive Particle
Register Standard
品詞 助詞
単語の種類 接続助詞
使用域 一般
Information
The form of an い-Adjective, or form of a noun (or な-Adjective) is exactly the same as the form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of ‘and’, and is used for linking.
Building on from the adjective +て, noun + で grammar point, instead of linking adjectives, adjective + て + (B) is used for linking an adjective to an entire phrase. With this construction, the phrase is simply added after (with い-Adjectives), or (with nouns and な-Adjectives), without any extra consideration for the phrase following it (this means that the (B) phrase will behave as if it was it’s own sentence).
  • 田中(たなか)さん犬(いぬ)太(ふと)く人(ひと)遊(あそ)ぶのが好(す)きです
    Tanaka-san’s dog is fat, and likes playing with people.
  • マサミ綺麗(きれい)水泳(すいえい)趣味(しゅみ)です
    Masami is beautiful, and swimming is her hobby.
  • トミー漫画家(まんがか)たまに学校(がっこう)国語(こくご)教(おし)えている
    Tommy is a cartoonist, and occasionally teaches the national language at school.
As with adjective +て, noun + で, it should be noted that and are different structures here. is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives are similar to verbs), while is actually a form of that is used for conjugation. It is the same as the one that is used in the formal version of , である. Which we will learn later.
Caution
Like other forms (ている 1, ている 2, and ている 3), the (or ) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.
Linking - Like ‘and’ in English.
Reasons - Like ‘with (A)’, or ‘because of (A)’ in English.
Manner - Like ‘to do (B) in an (A) way’ in English.
  • このスマホ新(あたら)しく速(はや)
    This phone is new and fast. (Linking)
  • このアイスクリーム甘(あま)く美味(おい)し
    This ice cream is delicious because it is sweet. (Reasons)
  • 声(こえ)出(だ)し話(はな)してください
    Please project when you speak. (Manner)
Caution
As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.
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りさ背(せ)高(たか)くかわいいです
Risa is tall and cute.
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静(しず)か平和(へいわ) ところ住(す)みたい
I want to live in a quiet and peaceful place.
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ほろさん親切(しんせつ)優(やさ)しい
Holo is kind and gentle.
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Books
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 103