form of an い-Adjective
, or で
form of a noun (or な-Adjective
) is exactly the same as the て
form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of ‘and’, and is used for linking.
Building on from the adjective +て, noun + で
grammar point, instead of linking adjectives, adjective + て + (B)
is used for linking an adjective to an entire phrase. With this construction, the phrase is simply added after て
), or で
(with nouns and な-Adjectives
), without any extra consideration for the phrase following it (this means that the (B) phrase will behave as if it was it’s own sentence).
Tanaka-san’s dog is fat, and likes playing with people.
Masami is beautiful, and swimming is her hobby.
Tommy is a cartoonist, and occasionally teaches the national language at school.
As with adjective +て, noun + で
, it should be noted that て
are different structures here. て
is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives
are similar to verbs), while で
is actually a form of だ
that is used for conjugation. It is the same で
as the one that is used in the formal version of だ
. Which we will learn later.
Like other て
forms (ている 1
, ている 2
, and ている 3
), the て
) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.
Linking - Like ‘and’ in English.
Reasons - Like ‘with (A)’, or ‘because of (A)’ in English.
Manner - Like ‘to do (B) in an (A) way’ in English.
This phone is new and fast. (Linking)
This ice cream is delicious because it is sweet. (Reasons)
Please project when you speak. (Manner)
As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.