Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 10: 3/12

~て (Adjectives and Nouns)
And... (conjunctive)

[い]Adjective[ + +
おもしろ + +
新し + +

[な]Adjective +
しずか +
好き +

Noun +
先生 +
仕事 +

Part of Speech Adjective + Conjunctions
Register Standard
品詞 形容詞・名詞
単語の種類 助詞・助動詞
使用域 一般
The form of an い-Adjective, or form of a noun (or な-Adjective) is exactly the same as the form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of ‘and’, and is used for linking. It will allow us to list multiple qualities/traits of something.
For い-Adjectives, we will need to change the last い to く (the form used for conjugation), and then simply add .
For nouns and な-Adjectives, we will need to add to the base form (not or ).
  • このパソコン新(あたら)しく早(はや)
    This computer is new and fast.
  • あの自転車(じてんしゃ)便利(べんり)軽(かる)
    That bicycle is useful and light.
  • 音楽(おんがく)作(つく)のは仕事(しごと)趣味(しゅみ)
    Making music is both work, and my hobby.
It should be noted that and are different structures here. is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives are similar to verbs), while is actually a form of that is used for conjugation. It is the same as the one that is used in the formal version of , である. Which we will learn later.
Like other forms (ている 1, ている 2, and ている 3), the (or ) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.
Linking - Like ‘and’ in English.
Reasons - Like ‘with (A)’, or ‘because of (A)’ in English.
Manner - Like ‘to do (B) in an (A) way’ in English.
  • あの人(ひと)綺麗(きれい)優(やさ)し
    That person is beautiful and nice.
  • 大雨(おおあめ)バス止(と)まりました
    The bus stopped with rain. (With rain as the reason)
  • 私(わたし)ご飯(はん)急(いそ)い食(た)べ
    I eat food in a hurry.
As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.
Slow Male
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New → New and...
Big → Big and...
Dislike → Dislike and...
[Some な-Adjectives end in い, but 嫌い or 幸い are the most misleading since they are not completely written in kanji like 綺麗 or 安静]
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 103
みんなの日本語 I
Page 104 [CH 16]