N5 Lesson 10: 3/12
Adjective[て]・Noun[で] て-form of adjectives and nouns and..., conjunctive
Structure
[い]Adjective[ + +
おもしろ + +
新し + +

[な]Adjective +
しずか +
好き +

Noun +
先生 +
仕事 +

Exceptions:
いいよく
Details
Register Casual
使用域 タメ語
Information
The form of an い-Adjective, or form of a noun (or な-Adjective) is exactly the same as the form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of ‘and’, and is used for linking. It will allow you to list multiple qualities/traits of something. For い-Adjectives, you will need to change the last い to く (the form used for linking), and then simply add . For nouns and な-Adjectives, you will need to add to the base form (not or ).
  • このパソコン新(あたら)しく
    This computer is new and fast.
  • あの自転車(じてんしゃ)便利(べんり)軽(かる)
    That bicycle is useful and light.
  • 音楽(おんがく)作(つく)のは仕事(しごと)趣味(しゅみ)
    Making music is both work, and my hobby.
It should be noted that and are different structures here. is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives are similar to verbs), while is actually a form of that is used for conjugation. It is the same as the one that is used in the formal version of , である. Which we will learn later.
Caution: Like the forms that we have learned so far (ている 1, ている 2, and ている 3), the (or ) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.
Linking - Like ‘and’ in English.
Reasons - Like ‘with (A)’, or ‘because of (A)’ in English.
Manner - Like ‘to do (B) in an (A) way’
  • あの人(ひと)綺麗(きれい)優(やさ)し
    That person is beautiful and nice.
  • 大雨(おおあめ)バス止(と)まりました
    The bus stopped with rain. (The bus stopped because of heavy rain.)
  • 私(わたし)ご飯(はん)急(いそ)い食(た)べ
    I eat food in a hurry.
Caution: As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.
Slow Playback
Hide All
Hide Japanese
Hide English
新(あたら)し → 新(あたら)し
new → new and...
Books
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 103
みんなの日本語 I
Page 104 [CH 16]