Grammar Info
N3 Lesson 2: 2/23

(Particle) + の
combined particles

Structure
Noun + Particle(1) + + Noun

(1) からまで
Details
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使用域 一般
Information
In Japanese, many particles are often grouped together with the 格助詞(かくじょし) (case marking particle) の. The primary function of this is to form a link between noun (A), and noun (B). In each of these cases, noun (B) will be considered to have all of the qualities described by noun (A), and the first particle that follows it.
The particle that comes before の will always be something that adds some form of immediate information about noun (A). The most common ones are as follows: Noun (A) から の Noun (B) - The (B) that is ‘from’ (A).
  • これはアメリカからのお土産(みやげ)です
    This is a souvenir from America.
Noun (A) と の Noun (B) - The (B) that is ‘grouped with’ (A).
  • 別(わか)れた後(あと)、彼(かれ)との関係(かんけい)はどうなるんだろう
    After breaking up with him, I wonder what our relationship would be like.
Noun (A) へ の Noun (B) - The (B) that is ‘toward’ (A).
  • 海外(かいがい)への手紙(てがみ)はこちらポストお入(い)れください。
    Please put letters to be sent internationally into this mailbox.
Noun (A) で の Noun (B) - The (B) that ‘done with’ (A).
  • 環境(かんきょう)悪(わる)いので車(くるま)での通勤(つうきん)は控(ひか)えてください
    Because it is bad for the environment, please refrain from commuting by car.
Noun (A) まで の Noun (B) - The (B) that is ‘until’ (A).
  • 出発(しゅっぱつ)までの時間(じかん)、何(なに)します?
    What do you want to do until departure?
Caution
Because noun (A) is describing noun (B), noun (B) will be considered as the subject of the statement. Due to this, particles that usually mark subjects, topics, or objects of actions cannot be paired directly with の. This includes に, も, は, が, and .
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あちゃん握手会(あくしゅかい)に行(い)こう!
Let's go to the handshake event with A-chan!
[the event features A-chan]
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昨晩(さくばん)から雨(あめ)はやっと止(や)んだ。とうとう友達(ともだち)に会(あ)いに行(い)ける
The rain that started from yesterday evening finally stopped! I can finally go meet up with my friends!
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おじいちゃんはポーランド思(おも)い出(で)をだんだんと忘(わす)れてきた。
Grandpa has been slowly forgetting his memories of Poland.
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[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 5
Tobira
Page 19