Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 6: 10/16

~て (Means and Manner)
by, with, on, by means of, ~ing with

Verb[て]+ Phrase
Noun + + Phrase
Register Standard
使用域 一般
The 接続助詞(せつぞくじょし) (conjunction particle) , or the 格助詞(かくじょし) are often used to highlight when something is being ‘used’. The thing being used does not necessarily need to indicate a tool, but can also indicate a circumstance/situation. In these cases, ‘(A) (B)’ translates as ‘with/by means of (A), (B)’.
  • 寝坊(ねぼう)ので慌(あわ)て準備(じゅんび)
    Since I overslept, I got ready in a flurry.
  • 毎日(まいにち)泳(およ)いトレーニングしています。
    I train by swimming every day.
  • 父(ちち)車(くるま)仕事(しごと)に行(い)く
    My father goes to work by car.
  • 私(わたし)ハサミ野菜(やさい)切(き)ります
    I cut my vegetables using scissors.
Fun Fact
With (and ), the nuance is quite often that ‘(A) allowed/led to (B)’. This may be a simple sequence of events, or may be through the direct use of a tool/situation. The nuance that is being highlighted will always depend on the (B) phrase. Due to this, it is important to always read the (B) clause, before deciding what the speaker is trying to convey.
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I am making a meal with a frying pan.
You must not touch your eyes and nose with unwashed hands.
Modern people can express emotions in SNS, mail, etc. by using emoji.

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