Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 6: 10/16

~て (Means and Manner)

By, With, On, By means of, ~ing with


Verb[て]+ Phrase
Noun + + Phrase


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About Verb[て]・Noun[で] + B

The conjunction particle , or the case marking particle are often used to highlight when something is being 'used'. The thing being used does not necessarily need to indicate a tool, but can also indicate a circumstance/situation. In these cases, '(A) (B)' translates as 'with/by means of (A), (B)'.
  • 寝坊(ねぼう)ので(あわ)準備(じゅんび)
    Since I overslept, I got ready in a flurry.
  • 毎日(まいにち)(およ)トレーニングしています。
    I train by swimming every day.
  • (ちち)(くるま)仕事(しごと)()
    My father goes to work by car.
  • (わたし)ハサミ野菜(やさい)()ます
    I cut my vegetables using scissors.
Fun Fact
With (and ), the nuance is quite often that '(A) allowed/led to (B)'. This may be a simple sequence of events, or may be through the direct use of a tool/situation. The nuance that is being highlighted will always depend on the (B) phrase. Due to this, it is important to always read the (B) clause, before deciding what the speaker is trying to convey.



  • フライパン使(つか)料理(りょうり)します

    I am making a meal with a frying pan.

    • (あら)っていない()()(はな)など(さわ)てはいけません

      You must not touch your eyes and nose with unwashed hands.

      • 現代人(げんだいじん)絵文字(えもじ)使(つか)SNSメールなど感情(かんじょう)(あらわ)ことができる

        Modern people can express emotions via social networking, mail, etc. by using emoji.

        • けいまくん自転車(じてんしゃ)()学校(がっこう)()っています

          Keima goes to school by bike.

          • 祖母(ばあ)さん:「はるこちゃん、どうやってスマホ写真(しゃしん)とるの?」

            Grandmother: 'Haruko, how do I take photos with my smartphone?'
            Granddaughter, Haruko: 'Like this.' (Showing how to take photos)

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            Verb[て]・Noun[で] + B – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

            • Superpnut


              I don’t really understand the header for this grammar point.
              I think I have at least a basic working knowledge of て and how it normally works but…I’m really not getting what the header means. And by header I mean

              Means/manner + て-form ・で
              and also
              Verb[て] + B (Means・Manner)

              I’m just really not picking up on what you guys are trying to say with the header

            • nekoyama


              It’s just the structure of the grammar from left to right. E.g.

              Means/Manner て-form B (the main action)
              フライパンを使う 使う → 使って 料理をします
              use a frying pan use → using a frying pan I am making a meal
            • Superpnut


              OH okay thanks that’s way more clear

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