Grammar Info
N2 Lesson 5: 8/18

after, in the end, after all, eventually

Kanji Reading: 挙げ句 or 挙句

Verb[た]+ あげく + (に) + (Past Tense) (Result)

Verb[た]+ あげく + + Noun

Noun + possesion + あげく + (に) + (Past Tense) (Result)
Register Standard
使用域 一般
挙句(あげく) ‘in the end’, is a noun used in Japanese to express a negative result that occurs, despite a considerable amount of time, effort, or resources that was put into (A). あげく will often be used in situations where the escalating situation of (A) somehow caused or prompted the negative result of (B).
あげく will appear after the past-tense form of verbs, or after nouns followed by の.
  • 私(わたし)は夫(おっと)と話(はな)し合(あ)いをしたあげく、離婚(りこん)することに決(き)めた。
    After having a discussion with my husband, we have decided that we are getting a divorce.
  • 昨日(きのう)落(お)とした財布(さいふ)を長(なが)い時間(じかん)探(さが)したあげく、見(み)つける事(こと)ができなかったので交番(こうばん)に行(い)った。
    After looking for my wallet that I dropped yesterday, I couldn’t find it, so I went to the police station.
  • 田中(たなか)さんと中田(なかた)さんは口論(こうろん)のあげく、喧嘩(けんか)になってしまい、警察(けいさつ)のお世話(せわ)になった。
    After an argument, Mr. Tanaka and Ms. Nakata got into a fight and were taken care of by the police.
Alternatively, あげく may be used to express some sort of troublesome or negative process that led to the conclusion of (B). In these cases, the outcome itself may not be undesirable, but arriving at that result of (B) somehow was.
  • 先生(せんせい)と色々(いろいろ)と相談(そうだん)したあげく、レポートを書(か)き直(なお)すことにした。
    After much discussion with the teacher, I decided to rewrite the report.
  • 父親(ちちおや)との議論(ぎろん)のあげく、俺(おれ)は大学(だいがく)を中退(ちゅうたい)して会社(かいしゃ)を継(つ)ぐことになった。
    After some discussion with my father, I decided to drop out of college and take over his company.
Caution - あげく will most often be in hiragana, but the forms 挙句(あげく) and 挙(あ)げ句(く) are also quite common.
Fun-fact - 挙句(あげく) originally referred to the final line of a 連歌(れんが) (a form of early Japanese poetry), and literally means ‘the tying up phrase’, or ‘the concluding phrase’.
Slow Male
Hide All
Hide Japanese
Hide English
After running and falling, I crashed into a wall.
After walking around at the supermarket for a few hours, I went home without buying anything.
After I got lost in the woods for three hours, I gave up searching for a way out. After an hour I was found by a forester.
Japanese Naturally... By Mizue Sasaki
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 352