Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 8: 2/13


Many, A lot of, Plenty, Enough

たくさん often comes directly before verbs


たくさん + Phrase
たくさん +() + Noun


  • Part of Speech


  • Part of Speech


  • Register


  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About たくさん

There are many cases in Japanese where a noun will appear as an adverb, particularly with words that are describing amounts. たくさん, or 沢山(たくさん) as it is regularly seen, is one of those words. たくさん means 'a lot', or 'many' in Japanese, and can be used before a phrase, or directly before a noun, when separated via .


たくさん may be used before a noun without also using . However, in this case, it will feel more like たくさん is describing the whole phrase, rather than just the noun it is in front of. If you strongly want to highlight the noun, using would be best.

  • あの(みせ)(まえ)沢山(たくさん)(ひと)(あつ)まっている
    There are a lot of people gathering in front of that store. (Focuses on the store. I wonder why there are so many people in front of that store)
  • あの(みせ)(まえ)沢山(たくさん)(ひと)(あつ)まっている
    There are a lot of people gathering in front of that store. (Focuses on the people. The amount of people gathering up in front of that store is unbelievable)

In these examples, the only difference is that the sentence with feels like the speaker is putting extra focus on the people, rather than the gathering that is happening.




    There is plenty. So, please eat.


    A lot of snow fell.


    I did a lot of Japanese studying.


    He reads a lot of books.


    I have many Studio Ghibli films.

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online

  • Offline

    • Genki I 2nd Edition

      Page 112

    • みんなの日本語 I

      Page 62 [CH 9]

    • Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide

      Page 78

  • Track Resources!

    Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

たくさん – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (10 in total)

  • EdBunpro


    Rather than butcher an explanation, this should help distinguish the two pretty well imo! If you’re still tripped up let me know and I can explain it further

  • Shaun1995ad


    Honestly, I still don’t really understand, the explanation you posted says that けっこう is relative, so if I used it in the context of the sentence I posted above, would it mean something like

    ‘‘I have many Studio Ghibli films (relative to listener?)’’
    ‘‘I have many Studio Ghibli films (relative to my other movies?)’’

  • FredKore


    けっこう – I have a lot (for me, but maybe not as much as other people)
    たくさん – I have a lot (for anyone)

Got questions about たくさん? Join us to discuss, ask, and learn together!

Join the Discussion