Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 6: 1/13







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About 誰

(だれ) is a substitute noun that is used in Japanese to describe unknown people. Due to Japanese particles behaving in very specific ways, (だれ) will be translated differently depending on the particle that follows it.
(だれ)(だれ)(だれ)(だれ) (who), (だれ) (whose), (だれ) (somebody), (だれ) (any/everybody).
  • (だれ)くる
    Who is coming?
  • (まえ)(だれ)()く?
    Who are you going with?
  • これ(だれ)ノートです
    Whose notebook is this?
  • 部屋(へや)(だれ)がいる
    Somebody is in my room.
  • これ(だれ)(おく)
    To whom are you going to send this?
  • (だれ)()()ます
    Who will you bring with you?
  • (だれ)(やさ)
    Everybody is nice, aren't they?
Depending on the style of polite speech, there are several different words that will be used to indicate an unknown person. どなた is used in honorific language, while どちらさま is used in polite speech.


  • (だれ)です

    Who is it?

    Can mean 'who are you?'.

  • (だれ)がいます

    Who is there?

  • (だれ)します

    Who will do it?

  • これ(だれ)パソコンです

    Whose computer is this?

  • (かれ)(だれ)でしょう

    I wonder who he is.

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誰 – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (6 in total)

  • junetheway


    Hello, everyone!
    I have a simple question.


    This phrase is in the examples, but I think 誰と is more natural than 誰で.
    What do you think?
    Do people use 誰で frequently?

  • Fuga


    Hey @junetheway !

    Both 誰で and 誰と would work here! However, changing で to と would change the nuance of the sentence completely.

    This sentence uses this で, which is used to highlight something/someone that is required to perform an action. This means that this で gives this sentence the nuance of ‘Who are you choosing’ instead of ‘going together’. A sentence like this may be heard when playing a video game that requires each players to pick a character.

    Hope this clears it up!

  • junetheway


    Oh, I see!!
    The video game example really made me understand the difference!!
    Thank you so much for the explanation!!

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