Grammar Info
N5 Lesson 6: 1/13

誰(だれ)
Who

Structure
だれ

Demonstrative
Details
Part of Speech Noun
Word Type Pronoun
Register Standard
品詞 名詞
単語の種類 代名詞
使用域 一般
Information
誰(だれ) is a substitute noun (pronoun) that is used in Japanese to describe unknown people. Due to Japanese particles behaving in very specific ways, 誰(だれ) will be translated differently depending on the particle that follows it.
誰(だれ)誰(だれ)誰(だれ)誰(だれ) (who), 誰(だれ) (whose), 誰(だれ) (somebody), 誰(だれ) (any/everybody).
  • 誰(だれ)くる
    Who is coming?
  • お前(まえ)誰(だれ)で行(い)く?
    Who are you going with?
  • これ誰(だれ)ノートです
    Whose notebook is this?
  • 部屋(へや)に誰(だれ)がいる
    Somebody is in my room.
  • これ誰(だれ)送(おく)
    To whom are you going to send this?
  • 誰(だれ)連(つ)れ来(き)ます
    Who will you bring with you?
  • 誰(だれ)も優(やさ)し
    Everybody is nice, aren't they?
Caution
Depending on the style of polite speech, there are several different words that will be used to indicate an unknown person. どなた is used in Sonkeigo (honorific speech), while どちらさま is used in Teineigo (polite speech).
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誰(だれ)です
Who is it?
[Can mean 'who are you?']
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誰(だれ)がいます
Who is there?
[lit. 'who exists?']
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誰(だれ)します
Who will do it?
Play  
Online
Japanese for Beginners
Books
Genki I 2nd Edition
Page 64
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
Page 13