N5 Lesson 10: 10/12
誰か・どこか・誰も・どこも だれか・どこか・だれも・どこも

誰か・どこか・誰も・どこも

someone・somewhere
not anyone・not anywhere


Structure Legend
Structure
どこ/誰 + //
どこ/誰 + // +

どこ + / + Verb[る] → (toward) somewhere
どこ/ + + Verb[ない] → not (toward) anywhere

どこかにある・どこにもない
to exist somewhere・to not exist anywhere

だれ + / + Verb[る]→ (toward) someone
だれ/ + + Verb[ない]→ not (toward) anyone

だれかに言う・だれにも言わない
to say to someone・to not say to anyone

だれ + with someone
だれ + not with anyone
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[When expressions like 誰か/誰も/どこか/どこも(indefinite pronouns) are used with certain particles like に・へ・と, then in the case of 誰か/どこか the particles are attached directly after, and in the case of 誰も/どこも the particles are "sandwiched" between だれ/どこ and も.]

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「どこかに友達(ともだち)がいるのですか。」
「どこにもいません。」
Audio coming soon!
"Do you have friends somewhere?"
"I don't have friends anywhere."

Genki I 2nd Edition : Page 235
みんなの日本語 I : Page 38 [CH 5]
Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide : Page 101