The constructions 誰（だれ）か
, and どこか
are used when you want to ask, or answer questions about ‘someone’, or ‘somewhere’ (positive sentences). Alternatively, ‘no one’, or ‘nowhere’ based statements are made with 誰（だれ）も
, and どこも
(negative sentences). Structures like this that use 誰（だれ）
were briefly discussed in the 誰（だれ）
Is anyone here?
Are you going somewhere next month?
No one came to my birthday party.
Since it is 9pm, nowhere is open.
, or どこ
is not limited to the か
, or と
may also be partnered with か
, to give a more specific meaning.
Did you go anywhere during your break?
Did you tell anyone? (Literally, ‘did you tell it to anyone?’)
He is on the phone with someone.
I don't want to go anywhere today. (Not even anywhere)
I will not meet anyone tomorrow. (Not even anyone)
I talk to anyone. (Even anyone, but less common than でも)
As can be seen with these examples, か
will always precede any other particle in a positive sentence. However, the opposite is true for も
will always follow any other particles in negative sentences. This is because か
will always attach directly to the noun (when altering the meaning of that noun), but も
alters the whole phrase, not just the noun.
However, It should be noted that も
is not limited to appearing in negative sentences, as can be seen with the final example.