Grammar Info
N4 Lesson 2: 10/17

~ていた
Was doing ~

Structure
Casual
Polite
Verb[てい+
Verb[てい+ ました
Details
Register Standard
使用域 一般
Information
To convey that ‘(A) was happening’, or that somebody ‘was doing (A)’ in Japanese, ていた (or ていました) will be used. ていた is a construction which uses the conjunction particle , and the godan verb いる (to exist), in its past tense form いた.
  • シャワー壊(こわ)れていたから2日間(かかん)シャワー浴(あ)びれなかった
    Because the shower was broken, I was not able to take a shower for 2 days. (Was in the state of being broken)
  • 昨日(きのう)夜遅(よるおそ)くまでカラオケ歌(うた)っていたので、のど痛(いた)です
    I was singing until late last night at karaoke, so my throat hurts. (Was doing karaoke)
  • 昔(むかし)パーマかけていました
    In the past, I used to have my hair permed. (Was getting perms)
  • 窓(まど)割(わ)れていました
    The window was smashed. (Was in the state of being smashed)
Sometimes ていた is used to express things that are still ongoing, but the speaker is not sure about, or would like to politely advise the listener about. This is very similar to the way in which English uses ‘(A) was doing (B)’.
  • お父(ちち)さんその椅子(いす)座(すわ)っていたから、こっち座(すわ)りな。
    Dad was sitting there, so sit here please.
In this example, although the action of ‘sitting’ is not finished, we can imagine that the speaker is suggesting that ‘dad was sitting here, and he still is, but he just went to get a drink’.
The same kind of sentence could be used when the speaker has walked away from where their dad was sitting, and doesn’t actually know if he is still sitting there or not.
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勉強(べんきょう)ていたけど今(いま)休(やす)んでいる
I was studying but am taking a break right now.
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音楽(おんがく)聴(き)いていたから電話(でんわ)聞(き)こえなかった
Because I was listening to music I couldn't hear the phone.
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昨日(きのう)1時(じ)ごろ寝(ね)ていた
Yesterday around one o'clock I was sleeping.
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