N5 Lesson 4: 11/12
Verb[て] て-form of verbs

Verb[て]

Verb [て-form]

⚠ For future reference: You may encounter Verb [て] + て-form (来てて). This is the て-form of ている form - 来ていて with い omitted.

Structure Legend
Structure
・Summary・

る¹ →
う、つ、る⁵ →
ぬ、ぶ、む → んで
く →
ぐ → いで
す →

・Breakdown・

V(る¹) →

V(る⁵) → すわすわって
V(う) → うたうたって
V(つ) → って

V(く) → あるあるいて
V(ぐ) → およおよいで

V(ぬ) → んで
V(ぶ) → んで
V(む) → やすやすんで

V(す) → はなはなして

⚠️Irregular Verbs⚠️

する→して
くる→きて
く→って
う→うて
う→うて
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[Similar to Verb[た]]

[Notice that the lines in Summary that change to ~で also have one verb ending that uses " (ぶ and ぐ). You can associate these verb endings with the change of て to で when conjugating]

[Summary Source]

V(る¹) = ru verb / 一段動詞 (ichidan) verb (見る)

V(る⁵) = u verb / 五段動詞 (godan) verb with ru ending (座る)

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食(た)べ 食(た)べ
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To eat

Genki I 2nd Edition : Page 150
みんなの日本語 I : Page 92 [CH 14]
Marugoto Elementary 1 (A2) Rikai : Page 56, 65
[DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar : Page 464