Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 2: 9/17


After, Later


Verb[た]+ あと
Noun + + あと
(あと) + Phrase
Verb + のは + あと


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About あとで

In Japanese, あとで is a combination of the noun (あと) (behind), and the particle (with). When these words are linked, they form an adverbial phrase which is used to express 'after', or 'later'. As with 's standard meaning of 'with', あとで is simply highlighting that something will happen, 'with' the 'after/behind' part of something.
To use あとで, attach it to the end of any past-tense verb, noun followed by , or verb followed by のは (nominalization).
  • 勉強(べんきょう)する()(あと)でいいよ
    You can study after you finish eating. (With the time after eating)
  • 仕事(しごと)(あと)()(かい)()きます
    I will go to the party after work. (With the time after work)
  • コピー()(あと)でいいから(いま)上司(じょうし)電話(でんわ)
    Since it's fine to make the copies later, please call the boss right now. (With the time after calling the boss)
Fun Fact
The reason that (あと) is translated as both 'after', and 'behind', is because sequences of events in Japanese behave similarly to a train. When the head of the train (one action) passes a specific point, there are still potentially many carriages (other actions) coming 'after', or 'behind' it.
(あと) may also be used to alter the meaning of an entire phrase, by appearing at the front. This nuance is just that (A) will happen (at some point) after now.
  • (あと)洗濯(せんたく)もの()
    Please hang the laundry later.




    It is ok to play after you study.


    I have to wash dishes after a meal.


    Let's meet again later.


    I am tired after my part time job.


    I will go shopping later.

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あとで – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (4 in total)

  • Pushindawood


    Thank you for sharing these links with us. I have updated the Readings section to include both links. Cheers!

  • garlicdog


    Looking through the examples for 後で, I only found one for the “verb + のは” connection most of it is without connections. This is not that important but maybe in the future there could be 1-2 more to better drill the variations for this grammar. (I find this is a problem for me in some other ones where variations represent a small portion of the examples and I often get those wrong )

  • Meatdog


    What is the difference in meaning between Verb[た]+ あとで and Verb + のは + あとで?

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