Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 3: 1/13

At, In


Place +


  • Part of Speech


  • Word Type

    Case Marking Particle

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  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About で

is a particle that has several different uses in Japanese. At its core, it is always used to highlight something that is 'required' to perform some sort of action. One of these uses relates to places, and translates roughly as 'at', or 'in' in English.

In these sentences, the place is considered essential for the action to be performed, or the result of the action to be achieved. This is unlike the particle , which marks the location itself as being the destination or target of an action. Basically, means (A) 'place' allows (B) 'action' to occur. While means (A) 'place' is the target for (B) 'action' occurring.

In the first example, we can see that marks the place that the person exists during an action, but the action itself is not dependent on the place. In the second example, the action is considered dependent on being at that place, as there are possibly no barbeques in other areas.


  • (わたし)ここサッカーする

    I play soccer here.

  • そこ(およ)ぎます

    Will you swim there?

  • 教室(きょうしつ)()

    I sleep in the classroom.

  • ここサラ文法(ぶんぽう)(なら)

    I learn grammar with Sara here.

  • ここ映画(えいが)()

    I will watch a movie here.

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