Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 3: 1/13

At, In


Place +


  • Part of Speech


  • Part of Speech

    Case Marking Particle

  • Register


  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About で

is a particle that has several different uses in Japanese. At its core, it is always used to highlight something that is 'required' to perform some sort of action. One of these uses relates to places, and translates roughly as 'at', or 'in' in English.

In these sentences, the place is considered essential for the action to be performed, or the result of the action to be achieved. This is unlike the particle , which marks the location itself as being the destination or target of an action. Basically, means (A) 'place' allows (B) 'action' to occur. While means (A) 'place' is the target for (B) 'action' occurring.

In the first example, we can see that marks the place that the person exists during an action, but the action itself is not dependent on the place. In the second example, the action is considered dependent on being at that place, as there are possibly no barbeques in other areas.




    I play soccer (at) here.


    Will you swim (at) there?


    I sleep in the classroom.


    I learn grammar with Sara (at) here.


    I will watch a movie (at) here.

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

で – Grammar Discussion

    There's currently no discussion for で
    Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!